Volume 10, Issue 6
Inside this Issue
Governor Bill Anoatubby Wins Chickasaw Election
FY 2000 Proposals. What can we accomplish next year
The Thompson's & Clan Campbell.
Our People: Martin Luther Thompson. Choctaw Nation or Texas?
Remembering Those that have gone before us.
Chickasaw Nation Annual Meeting & Festival
Genealogy Report: Judge Daniel Thompson McCall
1990 Native American Census: 30 Largest Tribes in the US
Book Review: A Basket of Apples
Nanih Waiya: Links to our Ancient Choctaw Past
"We never had a thought of exchanging our land for any other, as "we think that we would not find a country that would suit us as well as this we now occupy, it being the land of our forefathers..." Levi Colbert (Itawamba Mingo)
It's Official! Anoatubby-Keel Win Chickasaw Election
Kay Taylor-Colbert Chickasaw Nation Press Release
ADA-- Three-term Governor Bill Anoatubby and running mate Jefferson Keel edged out their two opponents in the race for the Chickasaw Nation top posts. By 5 p.m., Aug. 20, the protest period ended with the Chickasaw Nation Election Commission certifying votes and clearing the path for incumbent Governor Anoatubby and his newly elected lieutenant governor, Jefferson Keel, to begin working together.
With an official win of 3,696 votes out of 6,925 votes cast, the margin of victory in the gubernatorial race was 55 percent.
"We thank the Chickasaw people for their support and their trust. We will not let them down because all of our futures, and the futures of generations to come, depend upon what we do today and each day that follows," Anoatubby said.
This will begin Bill Anoatubby's fourth term and 13th year as governor of the Chickasaw Nation, a tribe ranked 11th largest in the U.S. with a population of 39,000 tribal citizens. Looking forward, Anoatubby says he plans to continue working with Washington on issues threatening tribal sovereignty and self-governance activities.
Back home, though, it's time to mend fences and build stronger relations with the tribal legislative and judicial branches.
"We recognize the critical role our legislators play in the operations of this government. That's never been in question. My promise to them [legislators] is the opening of new avenues of communication and seeking more of their input," Anoatubby said.
What's expected to happen with existing programs and services? "The goals covering existing programs and services will continue to be met, as we look for ways to enhance these services, making each operate more effectively and efficiently," he added.
Real changes will come, he said, in the creation of new things that touch at the heart and soul of family life such as educational centers; job training and development centers with career path planning, assistance and applications, and more distance learning opportunities; and medical programs providing in-home services likened to the mail-in pharmacy program already opened, utilizing the future of on-line physician consulting; and the creation of social and community activities that foster Chickasaw language and customs preservation as in the opening of a tribal library, museums and records center that's in the planning stages.
Looking back at the past.
Anoatubby first took office as governor over 12 years ago, when the Chickasaw Nation was on the verge of bankruptcy. He said then his mission was to help the Chickasaw people live better lives and he never forgot that promise.
The tribe has grown from a budget of $11 million to one that is expected to reach $199 million in the year 2000, building tribal assets to over $100 million.
Business enterprise is up to 19 businesses, grossing over $49 million, with two more staged to open by the year's end. Tribal employment is the highest in history, reaching over 1,630 employees.
The results of such progress are seen in the implementation of new housing programs, offering private mortgage services to Chickasaws in Oklahoma and advancing the tribe's health care services and technology to the point of national recognition as a model tribe in both housing and health care.
Accomplishments were also made in law enforcement and the protection of family, children and elderly rights. The Anoatubby administration is seeing to it that Chickasaws have opportunities for advancement for the betterment of themselves, their families and their communities. "Future needs outweigh past accomplishments, we know our work has really just begun," he said.
As the 3Oth governor of the Chickasaw Nation, Bill Anoatubby and his new lieutenant governor, Jefferson Keel will be sworn in on October 1, 1999.
FY 2000 Proposals
New Century, New Possibilities
As the millenium approaches, we have many things to consider that will not only effect us directly but our children, grandchildren and beyond. We have before us an opportunity to gain some type of federal recognition as Native Americans. This however, is not an easy road but one that I am confident, if we persist will be accomplished.
Chickasaw or Choctaw Nation Citizenship?
With the Chickasaw Nation election over and Bill Anoatubby winning another term our prospects look better. But there is still much work to do. We can no longer afford and take a wait and see attitude, but must become more aggressive in our planning.
In the Choctaw Nation, Greg Pyle's re-election is also a good sign. But in either case for us to really be ready to submit a petition for adoption, we must act soon.
Grant Availability FY 2000
One of the first things we need to look at is funding for such a project. While it is admirable for descendants to volunteer time and money, this can put burdens on others and endanger such a project. Funding is currently available through the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Native Americans. This would be in the form of $100,000 for a two-year project. The grant would be for the purposes of status clarification and will enable us to put our history and genealogy down in such a manner that it meets the seven criteria set forth by the Bureau of Indian Affairs for federal acknowledgment. It will allow us time and resources to open an office, put together an actual roll of descendants and prepare a petition for recognition by the Chickasaw or Choctaw Nation.
This petition will be based squarely upon our family history of political ties to the Chickasaw Nation. Our allegiance with them going back before removal, and that continued tie following the Thompson's back into the Chickasaw Nation in the 1890's. However, doing this we still keep in mind that by blood most of us are of more Choctaw blood than Chickasaw. Even with that fact, our families historically have kept their ties to the Chickasaw Nation intact.
Developing a Relationship with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Another thing that we must do is to start developing a relationship with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. To do this we must submit a letter of intent to petition to the Bureau at the first opportunity. We can do this as the Thompson-McCoy Chickasaw & Choctaw Descendants Association or as a distinct band.
At the reunion, it was decided to pursue this through the Association, as at this point the Association is the band. The only difference is that the Association is clearly a Thompson organization and no other families unless married into the Thompson's can participate. This may actually be the easiest route at this point as the Thompson's are clearly proven Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians, while other families may take a great deal additional research to proven beyond a doubt their Choctaw or Chickasaw ancestry. The main thing needed now is to alert all Thompson-McCoy descendants of what we can accomplish.
2000 Census; Are we ready?
One of the most politically powerful keys is that of numbers. This concept means more funds to certain counties, more community development block grants and even new congressional districts. This is why the US Census is so important. That census, which comes about once every ten years is upon us again in the year 2000. But why is it so important to us as Native Americans?
It is extremely important for our future funding potential as well as the political clout, if we are to accomplish our objectives in gaining recognition as Native Americans.
This year President Clinton has authorized the Census Bureau to recognize multi racial individuals. This means that we can put both white and Indian (Native American) on the census. Or we can put Native American only. In either case we must list the tribe and in our instance we would put Choctaw-Chickasaw. Please do not put Thompson-McCoy Chickasaw-Choctaw or Angelina River Choctaw or Texas Chickasaw-Choctaw, as this would only confuse the situation.
If you feel that you are clearly more Choctaw than Chickasaw, or vice versa, then put that, but in any case, please state the tribe.
Another issue of importance is letting all of our Thompson descendants know the importance of this and how it can effect funding for schools (Title V), funding for community grants and other projects because of the large mix-blood Indian population in Smith, Rusk and Trinity counties
With your help we can make this work, for the betterment of our Chickasaw-Choctaw people in Smith, Rusk and Trinity Counties.
Our Thompson Family & Clan Campbell of Argyll, Scotland
Mix-Blood Indians with Scottish Ties
A History of the Campbell's and the Thompson (MacTavish) of the Scottish Highlands
Thompson-McCoy Chickasaw & Choctaw descendants Association have, since its beginning in 1996, been focused on the preservation of our Native culture & heritage. However in preserving whom we really are as a family goes much deeper.
Looking at our history before Henry and Margaret Thompson, we see Henry's father John (also known as Theophilus), his father Matthew, his father William and finally his father Jonas.
Jonas Thompson was born in ca. 1630 in Argyll a part of Clan Campbell. The following article deals with our ties to the Campbell's and our Scot-Irish heritage.
The Thompson's of Argyll were part of Clan Campbell. It is suggested by a number of authorities that the name Thompson of this Scottish line should actually be MacTavish. The name Thompson (Toms son) is the same as Mac (son of) Tavish (Tammus or Tomas). Both the MacTavish's and Thompson's are recognized septs of Clan Cambell. William Thompson, son of Jonas received land in Ireland by virtue of his service to the King of England. Thus he may have changed his name to Thompson, or his father did, since that is the English version of MacTavish. This may be in part why there is no further data on Jonas Thompson, as one may need to look for Jonas MacTavish.
The surname Campbell, most probably derived from the Gaelic cam-beul (twisted mouth), is one of the oldest in the Highland, and a crown charter of 1368 acknowledges Duncan MacDuihbne as founder of the Campbell's, who were established as Lords of Loch Awe. The founder of the Argyll line was Cailean Mór (d. 1294), whose descendant, Colin Campbell (d. 1493), 1st Earl of Argyll, married Isabel Stewart of Lorne. To this day the eldest son of the family has borne the title of Marquis of Lorne, and the marriage in 1871 of the Marquis, later 9th Duke of Argyll, to Princess Louise, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria, is recalled by the two tartans bearing their names.
Throughout the fifteenth century the Campbells gave steady support to the Crown in an area where royal influence was under severe pressure, first from the rival Crown of Norway and then from the descendants of Somerled, former Lord of the Isles, with the eventual emergence of the Crown's most powerful rival in the MacDonald Lordship of the Isles. The Lordship of the Isles was broken by the Crown by the end of the fifteenth century, leaving the Campbell's the main power in the area. Thereafter they continued to act as the chief instrument of central authority in the region. This long struggle for supremacy, and with it, the headship of the Gael, may be said to be the real cause for the ancient enmity between the Campbells and the MacDonald's.
Campbell support for central government brought rewards. In 1607 Archibald, seventh Earl of Argyll, was granted former MacDonald lands in Kintyre, while in 1615 Campbell of Cawdor was allowed to purchase Islay and most of Jura which had previously belonged to the MacLean's of Duart.
Sir John Campbell (1635-1716), 11th Laird of Glenorchy was created Earl of Breadalbane in 1681. Described as being "cunning as a fox, wise as a serpent, and supple as an eel... [who] knew neither honour nor religion but where they are mixed with interest", he was involved in the scheming which resulted in the Massacre of Glance, but no evidence of his guilt could be produced. His line was founded by the colorful crusader "Black" Colin Campbell (d. 1498), who received Glenorchy in 1432 from his father, Sir Duncan Campbell, who had ejected the MacGregor's from the lands. The commander who actually carried out the infamous Massacre of the MacIan MacDonald's of Glencoe was a Campbell Chieftain of Glenlyon. The founder of the Cawdor branch, another Sir John Campbell (d. 1546). An orphan who had inherited her father's title of Thane of Cawdor, she was kidnapped in 1499 by Campbell’s father, Archibald (d. 1513), 2nd Earl of Argyll, and married to his son in 1510. The Campbells of Loudoun are descended from Sir Duncan Campbell, second of the first MacCailean Mór, who married a Crauford of Loudoun. The Earldom of Loudoun, created for John Campbell (1598-1663), politician, has since the eighteenth century descended through the female line.
Arguably the most famous Campbell of them all, Sir Colin Campbell (1792-1863), commander of the Highland Brigade at Balaclava, Commander-in-Chief during the Indian (as in India) Mutiny, the hero of Lucknow and Cawnpore, was not strictly a Campbell at all, being born Colin MacLiver, son of a Glasgow carpenter. His mother was a Campbell, though, and when her brother, Colonel John Campbell, took the fifteen-year-old boy to be interviewed for the Army by the Duke of York, the Duke wrote his name down as Campbell. And Campbell it remained.
The Clan Campbell is now organized worldwide in several associations and societies connected to the Clan Campbell Federation. The current Chief is the twelfth Duke of Argyll and twenty-sixth Chief. Inveraray Castle is still his family home. The Thompson connection to the Campbells is believed to be their descent from Sir Thomas (Tavis) Campbell, the then name Mac Tammus or Mac Tavish (son of Tavis/Thomas) which when written in English as mentioned earlier would be Thompson (Toms son).
For more information on Clan Campbell you may contact the Clan Campbell Society (North America) through the membership chairman, Mr. Walter J. Campbell at 6412 Newcastle Rd. Fayetteville, North Carolina 28303-2137 (910) 864-4231 or e-mail at WJCFAYNC@aol.com
Our People: Martin Luther Thompson
He had to make a choice, the Choctaw Nation or Texas!
Martin Luther Thompson was born in September 1857 in Smith County, Texas. He was the son of Thomas Umphres Thompson and Martha Strong Thompson. His parents were first cousins, Thomas being the son of Henry Thompson and Priscilla Jackson, while Martha was the daughter of Archibald Thompson and Annie Strong Thompson. Archibald and Henry were the sons of Henry Butt Thompson and Margaret McCoy. Pricilla Jackson was the daughter of Bill Jackson a full blood Choctaw. Annie Strong Thompson was the daughter of John Thompson (brother of Henry Butt Thompson) and Mary Strong believed to be a half-blood Lumbee Indian from Robeson County, North Carolina.
Martin's total Indian blood was 1/16 Chickasaw, 1/16 Lumbee and 5/8 Choctaw.
He married Inez Monterey Fannin in Coleman County on June 22, 1876. Inez was the daughter of William Moore Fannin a quarter blood Choctaw the grandson of trader William Doak (owner of Doak's Stand in Mississippi) and a full blood Choctaw wife. Inez's mother was Sarah Horton (Houghton) the great granddaughter of Cherokee Chief William Hicks. Her great uncle by marriage was Texas Cherokee Chief Richard Fields who married Elizabeth Hicks. Sarah was then 3/8 Cherokee through her mother who was also named Elizabeth Hicks.
During the mid-1890's as many of the Thompson's relocated from Texas to the Chickasaw Nation, Martin took a different course. He moved his family to Atoka in the Choctaw Nation and prepared to seek citizenship there.
He spent a year in the Choctaw Nation living there as a citizen Choctaw (he received a certificate of citizenship from the Choctaw Advisory Board). He put in a crop and prepared to make it his home. However, Martin was one who looked well ahead of the here and now, beyond just his immediate needs and that of his children. He looked to their future and those yet born. One of the primary areas of concern for Martin was education. While the Cherokee Nation excelled in the educating of its youth, the Choctaw Nation lagged behind what he had left in Texas. The Chickasaw Nation was even worse, although both nations had made large strides since the close of the Civil War.
Martin felt that the need for education outweighed other concerns, so he returned to Texas to raise his family. His daughter's Althia & Newton (Newtie) remained in the Choctaw Nation for a period. Newton retained an attorney to assist her in gaining citizenship. It was this attorney that encouraged Martin to return to the Choctaw Nation in 1907 in order to gain enrollment on the Dawes Commission roll. Martin though held fast to the idea that his children's future was through education and remained in Smith County, Texas until his death on August 25, 1946.
All in all, his decision to return to Texas was profitable. Oil was discovered on his land and by the time of his death he was a rather wealthy man even by white standards.
So did he make the right decision? Certainly he did for the material and educational benefit of his family. Today however, family members who do not link to lineal ancestors on the Dawes Commission Roll, may question that. Martin though was a Choctaw until the day he died, proud of his heritage, but secure in the knowledge of what he passed to his children in addition to his Native heritage.
Martin outlived his beloved Inez by almost 16 years (she died January 10, 1931). They are buried side by side in Asbury Cemetery near Overton, not far from Martin's parents. A peaceful final resting place for a revered father and husband.
Remembering Those That Have Gone Before Us.
Your tombstone stands among the rest, neglected and alone. The name and the date are chiseled out on polished, marbled stone. It reaches out to all who cares It is too late to mourn. You did not know that I exist, you died and I was born.
Yet each of us are cells of you in flesh, in blood, in bone. Our blood contracts and beats a pulse entirely not our own.
Dear Ancestor, the place you filled one hundred years ago spreads out among the ones you left who would have loved you so.
I wonder if you lived and loved, I wonder if you knew that someday I would find this spot, and come to visit you. Author Unknown
One of the purposes of this newsletter is to honor those that have come before us. Without the trial, tribulations and experiences our ancestors endured, we would not be the people we are today.
We are a combination of all of our ancestors from the dawn of time until now. Whether we know their names or not, we owe it to them to remember something about their ways and culture. It does not matter if they were white or Indians, they are all a part of what makes us as individuals so unique.
In this newsletter, we hope to share parts of our history. To tell the stories of those now gone and to bring our heritage to life for future generations.
You see, we are a distinct people. We have had our own leaders and political history, more than just a family, but as an actual band of mixed blood Native Americans. Our history needs not to be forgotten, lest we dishonor those that fought so hard to stay here against the racial attitudes of 19th century Texas.
Not only those that died so long ago need to be remembered, but those that have passed away in the last few years as well. Such people as Bill Thompson of Marlow, Oklahoma and Cecil Vinson of Tyler. Both of these individuals worked long and hard to preserve our history and genealogy. Bill also was one of the first in many years to make inroads into the Chickasaw Nation. A work that has since been picked up by Peggy Atwood.
This month in particular, I would like to remember my great aunt Liddie Belle (Thompson) Yates. She was the youngest daughter of Robert Lee & Willie Virginia (Fannin) Thompson.
With my father passing away when I was four, my grandfather passing away long before I was born, and my great grandfather when I was just under two, there was little as to information available to me on our history. Liddie Belle would always tell me that she didn't know much about her family, but you could always get pieces of information that were invaluable. She always welcomed me with open arms, the grandson of her "big brother". It is sad for me though that I really never got to know her until my late teens.
Sadly, she passed away on May 20, 1993. Her daughter LaQueta recently told me that sometimes she missed her so much she could hardly stand it. For those that knew her it is understandable as to why.
So for my Aunt Belle, my father, grandfather and all those that have come before us, I dedicate this little, but heartfelt column.
By J.C. Thompson
Liddie Belle (Thompson) Yates and her great great nephew Jesse Thompson. Taken at Canyon, Texas in late summer of 1992.
1999 Chickasaw Nation Annual Meeting & Festival
Encouragement for our Texas Thompson to renew ties with our Oklahoma relatives.
The 1999 Chickasaw Nation Annual Meeting and Festival will begin this year on September 25th and run until October 2nd. Most activities will be in Tishomingo, Oklahoma at the old Chickasaw Capitol grounds, Pennington Park or at Murray State College.
The following is a calendar of events for the festival.
Saturday, September 25th
Sunday, September 26th
Monday, September 27th
Tuesday, September 28th & 29th
Thursday, September 30th
Friday, October 1, 1999
Saturday, October 2nd
Genealogy Report: Judge Daniel Thompson McCall
The following biographical sketch was compiled at the time of induction into the Alabama Academy of Honors in 1989.
Daniel Thompson McCall, Jr., was born in Butler, Choctaw County, Alabama, on March 10, 1909, the son of Daniel Thompson McCall and Caroline Winston Rush McCall. "His links to our Thompson-McCoy's is through his grandmother Nancy Elizabeth Thompson the daughter of Benjamin Jackson Thompson and Sarah Menefee Davis. Benjamin was the son of Henry Thompson and either Druscilla Jackson. Henry was the son of Henry Butt Thompson and Margaret McCoy".
Dan McCall, Jr., received his early education at the University Military School in Mobile from which institution he was graduated in 1927. In 1931, he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Alabama, and in 1933 the same institution of higher learning awarded him an earned LL.B. degree.
On April 3, 1937, he was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with Mary Edna Montgomery of Anniston, Alabama. To this union were born two daughters and a son.
During World War II, Dan McCall, Jr., served his country in the United States Navy from 1943 to 1945, much of which time was spent overseas.
For 27 years he was a practicing attorney in Mobile, Alabama, being associated with the law firm of Johnston, McCall & Johnston. In 1960, Dan McCall, Jr., was elected Circuit Judge of the 13th Judicial Circuit (Mobile). In 1969, the Governor of Alabama appointed him an Associate Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court. He was subsequently elected to fill a full term in that office.
Judge Daniel Thompson McCall, Jr., retired in 1975 from membership on the Supreme Court of Alabama after having served with great distinction for 16 years.
During his busy years as a Circuit Judge and as a member of Alabama's highest appellate Court, he found time to give full measure of support to civic responsibilities. He served as a member of the Mobile County Board of School Commissioners, a Director of Title Insurance Company, a Trustee for the Julius T. Wright School for Girls, a member of the Advisory Board of the School of Medicine of the University of Alabama, and president of the Alabama Bar Association .
Judge McCall is an active member of the Episcopal Church, a devoted husband and an exemplary father. It should be noted here that he has an undivided love for his mother who is still living at age 93.
Judge McCall served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama until his retirement from those responsibilities in 1979. He had previously served as president of the University of Alabama National Alumni Association .
A grateful University of Alabama awarded Judge Daniel Thompson McCall, Jr., an honorary degree in 1980.
An oil painting of Judge Daniel Thompson McCall, Jr., hangs with other former Justices of the Alabama Supreme Court in the courtroom of the State Judicial Building in Montgomery, Alabama. "Judge McCall was 1/128 Chickasaw and 9/128 Choctaw"
NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBAL
(U.S. Department of Commerce 1990)
1990 Native American Population 1,878,285
Chickasaw-Choctaw Times: Book Review
A Basket of Apples
THE CULTURAL TRANSFORMATION OF A NATIVE AMERICAN FAMILY AND ITS TRIBE 1763-1995
By; Joel Spring
State University of New York, New Paltz
A Volume in the Sociocultural, Political, and Historical Studies in Education Series
This book describes the impact of U.S. government civilization and education policies on a Native American family and its tribe from 1763 to 1995. While engaged in a personal quest for his family's roots in Choctaw tribal history, the author discovered a direct relationship between educational policies and their impact on his family and tribe. Combining personal narrative with traditional historical methodology, the author details how federal education policies concentrated power in a tribal elite that controlled its own school system in which students were segregated by social class and race.
The book begins with the cultural differences that existed between Native Americans and European colonists. The civilization policies discussed begin in the 1790s when both Presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson searched for a means of gaining the lands occupied by the southern tribes, including the Choctaws. The story involves a complicated interaction between government policies, the agenda of white educators, and the desires of Native Americans. In a broader context, it is a study of the evolution of an American family from the extended support of the community and clan of the past, to the present world of single parents adrift without community or family safety nets.
Educators and students interested in Native American studies, multicultural education, sociocultural and political topics, and U.S. History.
Contents: Preface. Part I: Choctaws, Cherokees and a Mixed-Blood Family Prior to Removal. A Basket of Apples. Indian Policy as Ideological Management. The Ghost Dance, Schools, and Social Classes. The Missionaries and Their Schools. Removal, Betrayal, and Death. Part II: A Choctaw Family and Its Tribe After Removal. The Choctaw Republic and Its People. Academies, Christian Families, and Anglo-Saxon Culture. "I am a slave instead of the Negroes": Segregation and Language. From Thomas Jefferson to Henry Ford: The End of the Choctaw Republic. Afterword: The Role of Schooling in Modern Society.
Review By: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Nanih Waiya "Choctaw History"
Ties to our ancient Choctaw past
Nanih Waiya near present day Louisville, Mississippi is a flat-topped mound in the style common to most others constructed in the southeast. It's base is oblong and covers about an acre while its peak, which rises 40 feet above the surrounding terrain, cover one-fourth of an acre. The main mound (also known as the temple mound) is located on the southeastern edge of a 10-foot high, 1.5 mile long circular wall and is about 50 yards from Nanih Waiya Creek. Beyond the creek, by a mile or so, is a second mound called Nanih Waiya Cave which may be the source of the emergence or creation stories of the Choctaw and Chickasaw.
Archeological evidence indicates that the site upon which Nanih Waiya stands had been occupied continuously for approximately 2000 years before the European invasion. After Contact the site was abandoned. The mound itself was built between 1500 and 2000 years ago, likely by the Choctaw themselves. The construction is thought to have taken 2-3 generations to complete and served as the base for a temple.
"The Choctaw carried the bones of their dead with them. They say the bones were the treasures of their people . . . Since they had been traveling for a long time . . . the Choctaw decided to stay and settle down and bury all those bones, and the place they buried them was a great mound, our Mother Mound, Nanih Waiya."--Choctaw elder, 1996
For More Information Contact: Nanih Waiya Historic Site
Route 3, Box 251A
Louisville, Mississippi 39339
Nanih Waiya Mound near Louisville, Mississippi
In Upcoming Issues of the Chickasaw-Choctaw Times
1. Association or Band Government?
4. Dean family reunion: Descendants of Sarah Melissa (Thompson) Dean)
7. Thompson ties to the Cherokees and Lumbees
8. Genealogy Report
9. Angelina River Band or Texas Band?
How to contact us.
To contact us here at the times you can E-Mail us at Txcherind@aol.com
For additional information check out our web site at http://members.aol.com/txcherind/thompson-mccoy-chickasaw-choctaw/
For information or articles you would like included just drop us a line at our new address 137 County Road 2180 West, Kingsville, Texas 78363 or fax: (361) 516-0763
Chickasaw-Choctaw Times Staff
Dr. Irvin May
Ras & Virginia Pool
Mike & Wanda Johnson
Chickasaw Nation Press Office
Sunset (courtesy National Severe Storms Laboratory)
Nanih Waiya (courtesy Georgia Moore, University of Georgia)
Additional Graphics provided by:
Star Vision of Texas
Web Site Design & Choctaw Times Printing:
Red Eagle Lodge Trading Co., Alva, Oklahoma
"47th ANNUAL CHEROKEE NATIONAL HOLIDAY"
Labor Day Weekend Tahlequah, Okla.