Notes for Mary WELLS

Source: Mercer's Bermuda Settlers pg 212, 213 and EBR pg 14
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Notes for Thomas WELLS

Gov. of CN 1650
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Notes for Henry WENTWORTH , Esq.

Henry Wentworth, Knight of Codham Hall who died March 22, 1481/82; He mar ied
firstly Elizabeth Howard of the Ducal family, called of Wiggenhall and
secondly,  Joan FitzSimmons.
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Notes for Henry WENTWORTH

Ancestor of Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York.
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Notes for John WENTWORTH

Some sources state that he married Elizabeth de Beaumont, daughter of Rich ard
de Beaumont, of Whitley Hall. If this is true, it may be that a genera tion is
missing in the database.
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Notes for Margaret WENTWORTH

She is the only child listed of Elizabeth & Henry in the Clopton Family Ar
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Notes for WERNIKE

Information beyond this point is taken from the following: Royal Genealogi es,
pgs 447, 476 and 513; Ancestrial Roots pgs 116, 119, 123; Cambridge Me dieval
History pg 556; Magna Charta pgs 1747 and 1892
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Notes for Æthelwulf of WESSEX

Æthelwulf was the son of Egbert and a sub-king of Kent. He assumed the thr one
of Wessex upon his father's death in 839. His reign is characteriz ed by the
usual Viking invasions and repulsions common to all English rule rs of the
time, but the making of war was not his chief claim to fame. Æth elwulf is
remembered, however dimly, as a highly religious man who cared a bout the
establishment and preservation of the church. He was also a wealt hy man and
controlled vast resources. Out of these resources, he gave gene rously, to
Rome and to religious houses that were in need.

He fathered five sons, by his first wife, Osburga. He recognized that the re
could be difficulties with contention over the succession. He devis ed a
scheme which would guarantee (insofar as it was possible to do so) th at each
child would have his turn on the throne without having to worry ab out rival
claims from his siblings. Æthelwulf provided that the oldest liv ing child
would succeed to the throne and would control all the resourc es of the crown,
without having them divided among the others, so th at he would have adequate
resources to rule. That he was able to provide f or the continuation of his
dynasty is a matter of record, but he was not a ble to guarantee familial
harmony with his plan. This is proved by wh at we know of the foul plottings
of his son, Æthelbald, while Æthelwulf w as on pilgrimage to Rome in 855.

Æthelwulf was a wise and capable ruler, whose vision made possible the ben
eficial reign of his youngest son, Alfred the Great.

It was during his reign that the first Danish invasions took place. Follow ing
a defeat at sea in 842, he won a resounding victory against them at t he
battle of Aclea in 851.

Additional information
On a pilgrimage to Rome in 855, Ethelwulf married (2) Judith of Bavaria, t he
12 year old daughter of Charles II., the Bald, King of the West Fran ks and
his wife, Ermentrude. See the genealogical details elsewhere in Roy alty of
France in Vol. I. When Ethelwulf returned home it is said th at he made his
son, Ethelbald, King of Wessex, and retained Kent for his o wn rule. He died
January 13, 857, and was buried at Stamridge, his body la ter being removed to
Winchester. Ethelwulf was succeeded by each of his fo ur sons in turn, the
fourth and youngest of whom was Alfred.
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Notes for Ceawlin of WESSEX

Ceawlin succeeded his father and greatly enlarged the kingdom of Wessex, r
eigning from 560 to 591 or 592. He died about 600.
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Notes for Cerdic of WESSEX

Traditional founder of the kingdom of Wessex. Cerdic, a patriarch of royal ty
in Saxony, landed in Hampshire in 495 and in 519 gained a victory at Ch
arford. He was first crowned King of the West Saxons, when, as it is repor
ted, the legendary King Arthur, who had his castle on the steep coast of C
ornwall, yielded to him the section of land now known as Hampshire and Som
erset. In 520, being unable to extend his rule west of the Avon and defeat ed
at Badbury, co. Dorset, Cedric withdrew. Ten years later he conquered t he
Isle of Wight. He died in 534. Cerdic is said to be the founding figu re of
the West Saxon dynasty. However, much of this is obscure and not doc umented,
subject to dispute by history scholars. There was no secure chron icle in the
6th century. (Wurts)

Wessex (ws´ks), one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It may have be en
settled as early as 495 by Saxons under Cerdic, who is reputed to ha ve landed
in Hampshire. Cerdic’s grandson, Ceawlin (560-93), annexed scatt ered Saxon
settlements in the Chiltern Hills and drove the Celts from t he region between
the upper Thames valley and the lower Severn. But Ceawl in himself was finally
expelled from Wessex, and until the end of the 8 th cent. the country was
overshadowed successively by Kent, Northumbria, a nd Mercia. King Cædwalla
(reigned 685-88) conducted several successful cam paigns; and his successor
Ine consolidated the western expansion through S omerset and exacted tribute
from Kent. After Ine’s death, however, the kin gdom relapsed into anarchy.
Egbert (802-39) became overlord of all Englan d, but his successors were
forced to relinquish many of his gains and to c oncentrate on defending their
lands against the invading Danes. With the r eign of Alfred (87-–99) and the
halting of the Danes, the history of Wess ex becomes that of England. In the
10th cent., Edward the Elder, Athelsta n, Edmund, and Edred gradually acquired
firm control over all England, inc luding the Danelaw. This unity ended,
however, after the quiet reign of Ed gar (959-75), for Æthelred (978-1016)
could offer no effective resistan ce to the invading Vikings. Canute
established Danish rule in 1016. The e nd of his line caused the recall of
Edward the Confessor (1042-66), la st of the Wessex line of Alfred. In the
novels of Thomas Hardy, Wess ex is used to mean the SW counties of England,
mainly Dorsetshire.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2002 Columbia Univer
sity Press
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Notes for Cynric of WESSEX

Cynric, ruled Wessex from 534 to 560, distinguished himself in the wa rs of his
father, Cerdic. He fought a great battle in 552 against the Brit ons, but his
reign of about 26 years was a comparatively peaceful on e. He died in 560.
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