Notes for James Lemuel THOMPSON

Not positive if his middle name was Lemuel
Return to James Lemuel THOMPSON

Notes for James Lorimer THOMPSON

James was a United Pentecostal preacher and a graduate of Franklin Colle ge in
New Athens, Ohio who made him a Doctor of Divinity in 1895
Return to James Lorimer THOMPSON

Notes for James Marshall THOMPSON

The following data is from Charles J. Peterson
Attala County Wills, microfilm 31, Mississippi State Archives, pp. 181-18 2.
James apparently died owning no property other than various debts own ed to

Mentioned in estate proceedings of L.B. Thompson, with unknown heirs in t he
state of Texas.

David Thompson, November 1997. A James M. Thompson was officer in Mason ic
Lodge #180 at Liberty Chapel Hill (on the Rockport Road north of Kosciu sko --
Rockport is a historical site located about 2 miles
south of West, on the Big Black River).

"Bethel Lodge and Palmer's Hall in Mississippi 1849-1869," Journal of Miss
issippi History, vol. 13, pp. 3-30, 1951. December 1860 memorandum in bo ok 3
of the Minutes, dues for fiscal year ending 27
December 1861: J.M. Thompson listed as were E.(L?) B. and John Thompso n. A
pencil notation in 1862 says "army 1862."

Attala County, Mississippi, Pioneers, p. 173. From Deed Book A, p. 33 7: 22
January 1859, James M. and Nancy E. Thompson sold to John H. Garling ton for
$540, 40 acres in the SW/4 NE/4 S10 T15 R6E.

1860 Mississippi census, Attala County p. 34, Post Office Burkettsvill e, 16
July 1860, dwelling 195, family 217. In household of Lemuel B. Thomp son are
(son) James M. Thompson 25 Mississippi,
$2475 personal assets, and Nancy E. 26 Georgia. In same household is Jo hn H.
Hall 29 Georgia with wife Sarah 24 South Carolina and children J. Co lumbus 5
and Joseph A. 3, both born Georgia.

1860 Mississippi census, Attala County, Slave Schedule for Township 15 Ran ge
7E, 15 July 1860. James M. Thompson, 1 slave.

Attala County, Mississippi, Probate Book 1, 1858-1863, p. 351, November Te rm
1860. James M. Thompson and William Adams request probate for the esta te of
Lemuel B. Thompson, deceased.

Attala County, Mississippi, Record of Administration and Guardian Bonds a nd
Letters, Book C, p. 467, 28 December 1866. Petition by H. F. Moore rega rding
settlement of debts of J.M. Thompson who died
intestate in Texas 5 September 1866.

Attala County, Mississippi, Record of Administration and Guardian Bonds a nd
Letters, Book C, p. 535, 16 September 1867. Estate of J. Marsh Thomps on who
died in McLennan County, Texas, 5 September 1866.

He had no wife or family in Attala County, Mississippi. Petition was ma de by
H. F. Moore 16 September 1867 to act as administrator of the estat e. Thompson
held a note of James T. Williams of Attala County
for $800. There were possibly other unpaid debts.
Return to James Marshall THOMPSON

Notes for James P.D. THOMPSON

Sources: LWT Henry B. Thompson Jr., Probate Court, Greene County, Alabam a,
File Number 1887, Book Y, pgs. 346-356, January 8, 1869

Frank McFarland states: I only have one bit of information that differs wi th
yours. You show that James P.D. Thompson died in 1868. Family traditi on is
that he was serving in the Confederate army at a camp in Natchitoche s,
Louisiana when he became sick. Somehow his wife Cynthia heard about h ow he
was very sick and traveled from their home in East Texas to Natchito ches to
try to help care for her husband. Nevertheless, he supposedly di ed of
pneumonia [during the Civil War, but I don't have a specific date .] I do know
that Cynthia later shows up as drawing a civil war veteran 's pension as Mrs.
Cynthia A. Willingham. I think I saw this in a Wood C o. history book.

Note: Information I had from O. Phillip Kent of Bartlesville, Oklahoma p ut
his place of death as Wood County, Texas in 1868, differing from Fra nk
McFarland. I and using the McFarland data in that his wife is a dire ct
descendant, whereas Phillip Kent, as I are descendants of James' brothe rs.
JCT 2/20/04
Return to James P.D. THOMPSON

Notes for James Petty "Colonel Jim" THOMPSON

Vol. 5, p. 1836-1837

The wild, untamed, romantic West of the old pioneer Indian Territory mee ts
and merges into the modern Oklahoma with its progressive and bettered c
ivilization in the life of Col. James P. THOMPSON of Woodville. Colonel Th
ompson has lived in that section of the present state, in what was old Pic
kens County of Indian Territory, for the past thirty years. Born in the st
renuous days before the Civil war, at historic Preston Bend, just sou th of
Red River in Grayson County, Texas, and reared amid the thrilling sc enes
enacted on a frontier unfettered by the restrictions of law, his li fe has
contained enough incidents to make material for an intensely intere sting

Not only by residence but by family relationships and early experienc es he
has been in many ways identified with old Indian Territory as we ll as with
Oklahoma. He was born November 26, 1850.

His father was James G. Thompson, who was born in 1802 in North Carolin a,
moved to Tennessee and then to Alabama, and in the latter state beca me
acquainted with and married Miss Mary MCNARY, member of a prominent Che rokee
Indian family, and herself a quarterblood. In 1831 they accompani ed the first
emigration of that people to the Cherokee Nation in Indian Te rritory,
locating at  Webbers Falls, where James G. Thompson establish ed a general
mercantile store which he conducted for about twelve year s. At the death of
his wife, in 1843, having sold his business in Indian T erritory, he moved to
the south side of Red River in Grayson County, Texa s. There he spent the rest
of his life until his death in 1879. He was a m ember of the Legislature of
Texas, when that state seceded from the Uni on and in the early '50s
was county judge of Grayson County. He al ways had the high esteem and
unqualified confidence of the Indians, to wh om he was a good and faithful
friend, and people of the of the Cherokee Na tion often solicited him to
return and live among them. After his remov al to Texas he married Miss Martha
J. CARUTHERS, who was born in Georg ia in 1820 and who was of white family,
the Caruthers having been among t he pioneers of Grayson County, Texas. At one
time she owned the townsi te of Denison. Her death occurred in 1894. By the
second marriage there we re eight children, namely: Elizabeth, who married
Capt. Tom RANDOLPH, a me rchant and very prominent citizen of Sherman, Texas;
James P.; Virginia, w ho married James POTTS, a stockman; Arizona, who became
the wife of Jud ge David E. BRYANT, formerly a United States district judge,
and one of t he distinguished citizens of Sherman; Frank P., who is a retired
mercha nt and farmer; Josephine who was drowned when a little girl;
Breckenridg e, who died in infancy; and Alice, who married Joe MEADOWS, a
farmer and s tockman of Grayson County.

Reared on the old farm in Grayson County, Col. James P. Thompson from ear ly
boyhood felt the fascination of the wild and free life of the frontie r. He
attended the common schools of Preston Bend, also Sherman High Scho ol and for
a time was a student in Burleson College. It was with difficul ty he kept his
mind on his studies, since he was by nature too closely ak in to the free
untrammeled life of the
country and scenes among which he had been reared. As a boy before the w ar he
had helped his father haul corn to the United States military po st at Fort
Washita, Arbuckle, and Cobb. This corn sold at
a price as high as $2.25 per bushel. In the years following the war he bec ame
an expert in all branches of ranch life. His father had a large hor se ranch
at Pottsboro, and his cattle ranch, on which frequently ranged 3, 500, head,
was five miles west of Sherman. Before coming to Indian Territo ry Colonel
Thompson became well known as a stock man all over Northern Tex as and after
the building of the
railroad across Indian Territory he used Denison, Texas, as a shipping poi nt
for his stock to the markers at St. Louis and Chicago.

In 1877 Mr. Thompson married Miss Maggie E. MASSEY, a member of an old Ken
tucky family that emigrated to Texas in 1848. Mrs. Thompson died in 188 3,
being survived by two children: Myrtle Lillian and Henry M. The daught er
Myrtle is now the wife of Claude R. HOWARD. His son Henry M. married Mi ss C.
F. TAYLOR, and their two children are named Ollie Lee and Maggie May .

After the death of his first wife Colonel Thompson married Lucy JUZAN, s he
was a resident of Indian Territory and a descendant of the Chickasaw li neage,
being a fourth blood Chickasaw. Her parents were Jackson and Missis sippi
Juzan. Jackson Juzan belonged to the Choctaw tribe and was born in T ennessee
but came to Indian Territory during the 40s, and for many years f ollowed
farming in the vicinity of Atoka. He was one of the Choctaw volunt eers in the
Confederate army during the Civil war, and afterwards was acti ve in the
affairs of his nation until his death in 1866. Jackson Juzan mar ried
Mississippi ALLAN, who was of Chickasaw blood. She was born in Missis sippi,
and came to Indian Territory in 1835. She died in December, 1865.

After their marriage Colonel and Mrs. Thompson took up their residen ce at the
present beautiful homestead adjoining the Town of Woodville in J uly, 1886. No
children were born to their union, and Mrs. Thompson died th ere in April,
1898. It is noteworthy that she was a cousin of Charles LEFL ORE, who was the
father-in-law of former Governor Lee CRUCE of the Sta te of Oklahoma.

After locating in Pickens County, Colonel Thompson soon had extensive hold
ings. His cattle covered many hills and his brand became well and widely k
nown. In one season he marked 1,200 calves.

In Woodville he provided for his family the finest house in the town, wi th
all the comforts and furnishings that wealth and culture can sugges t. He has
now reached the age of sixty-five, but still retains his intere st in all that
affects his community, and is a partner with his son Hen ry M. in the cattle
business. In many ways his business judgment has be en almost infallible, and
his prosperity is only an adequate return for h is abilities and energy.
Colonel Thompson possesses many fine personal qua lities, is whole souled
(sic) and genial and as he knows everybody in h is section of the county so
everybody knows and honors "Uncle Jim ." His loyalty to
friends and neighbors has often been tested, a nd one case in point will
illustrate the quality of his friendship. He spe nt much of his valuable time
and $16,000 of his money a few years ago to p rove the innocence of Steve
BUSSELL. He belongs to no secret organizatio ns or fraternal societies and
finds his greatest enjoyment in the manageme nt of his farm and in association
with his old and tried friends.
Transcribed by Jeanne M. Misleh, 23 July 1999.
SOURCE: Thoburn, Joseph B., A Standard History of Oklahoma, An
Authentic Narrative of its Development, 5 v. (Chicago, New York: The
American Historical Society, 1916).

These are my Notes: EB
Mississippi Allen 1st married Charles Colbert  and their daughter Betts ie
married Steve Bussell.
Mississippi Allen's 2nd husband was Jackson Juzan and their child  Lucy Ju zan
married 3rd James P Thompson
Steve Bussell would be the brother-in-law of James P Thompson
Steve Bussell was sentenced to life imprison for the murder of another man .
Received, At the Arkansas State Penitentiary, at Little Rock, State of Ark
ansas, this 17 day of April A.D., 1889 from John [Carroll?], Marshall of t he
United States for the Western District of Arkansas, the body of the wit hin
named defendant Steve Bussell, together with a copy of this Writ.
N. Johnson, Warden

James P Thompson was enrolled as a Chickasaw Indian by right of his seco nd
wife, Lucy Juzan, who had prdeceasded him and received an allotme nt of land.
Return to James Petty "Colonel Jim" THOMPSON

Notes for James T. THOMPSON

Per:  Jabe Fincher, Jr. 
All: James was a Methodist minister and was the first Postmaster at (n ow a
ghost town) Shook s Bluff,Cherokee Co., Tx. He was in the Civil Wa r. James
was discharged from the CSA on 21 Ja nuary 1865. He was enroll ed 17 May 1862
in Company K, 14th Texas Infantry, and Company I, 17t h Tex as Calvary, CSA.
He was still shown to be in Company k, 14th Texas infant ry on 31 Octobe r

All: James THOMPSON-1065 is the 2nd great grandfather of Jabe Joseph FINCH ER

MILITARY: Organization: The 14th Texas Confederate Infantry Regiment was o
rganized in early 1 862 and surrendered by General E.K. Smith, commandi ng
Trans - Mississippi Department, on Ma y 26, 1865.
Red River Campaign (March - May 1864)
Camden Expedtion (March - May 1864)
Mansfield (April 8, 1864)
Pleasant Hill (April 9, 1864)
Jenkin's Ferry (April 30, 1864)

MILITARY: Regimental Field and Staff:
Edward Clark - Colonel
Other Regimental Officers
William Byrd - Lt. Colonel
Augustus H. Rogers - Major

MILITARY: Regimental Journal:
April 2, 1862
Letter to His Excellency Jefferson Davis from Samuel A. Roberts authorizi ng
Colonel Clark t o raise a mounted regiment
June 12, 1862
General orders No. 5 ordered regiment to Little Rock, Arkansas and to repo rt
to the Commande r of the army west of the Mississippi River
November 10, 1863
Clark's (Texas) infantry under Randal's Brigade directed to organize his t
roops in the Distri cts of Western Lousiana and at the Indian Territory
March - May 1864
Red River Campaign
March - May 1864
Camden Expedtion
March 14, 1864
Abstract from the nominal list of prisoners captured by Brigadier Gener al
A.J. Smith's comman d in Red River Campaign included 3 officers a nd 19
enlisted men from the 14th Texas Infantr y Regiment
April 8, 1864
Battle of Mansfield
April 9, 1864
Battle of Pleasant Hill
April 30, 1864
Battle of Jenkin's Ferry
September 30, 1864
14th Texas, Colonel Edward Clark listed under Third (Texas) Brigade und er
Brigadier General R obert P. Maclay. Abstract of organization of the Ar my of
the Trans - Mississippi Department , General E. Kirby Smith
10 October 1864
14th Texas Infantry Regiment mentioned in memorandum to Adjutant and Inspe
ctor General's offi ce that regiments raised in the States West of the Mis
sisippi River are now serving in the re gion East of the river. Memorand um
from S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector General ___________ ____________

MILITARY: Bibliography:
The War of the Rebellion, 128 vols.
Sifakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas, Facts On Fi le,
New York, NY 19 95.

MILITARY: Excepted from the book Bound for the Promised Land by Joan Cerve nka
Copies may be ordered from: Mrs. Joan Cobb; 3800 South County Road 1185; M
idland, TX 79701

MILITARY: James H. Armstrong was not a young man during the Civil War, b ut he
enlisted at Pit tsburg, Texas on 18 September 1863 at the a ge of 42 years. He
served for 3 years in Company F . 14th Texas Infant ry as a private (Reference
Services Branch (NNIR), National Archives & R ec ords Administration, Card No.
50654286). He was in Clark’s Regiment, Ra ndal’s Brigade which w as in General
John G. Walker’s Division.

MILITARY: Edward Clark was elected lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1859. W hen
Sam Houston ref used to take the oath of allegiance to the Confedera cy in
1861, the Secession Convention decl ared the governorship vacant a nd elevated
Clark to Governor. He ran for re-election in 1861 , hut was de feated by
Francis R. Lubbock. Then Edward Clark raised the 14th Infantry R egimen t and
became a colonel in the Confederate Army. He was wounded in t he leg at the
Battle of Pl easant Hill, but did not leave the service beca use of his wound.
He later became a brigadie r general. After the war, Cla rk fled to Mexico,
but returned to Marshall, Texas to practice l aw. He di ed in Marshall on 4
May 1880 (Webb, Vol.1, 354). Edward Clark is quot ed as saying, “ The duty of
a private soldier was to obey orders, wheth er right or wrong. A little rest
was m ore preferable” (Blessington, 301 ). Since his Regiment was a part of
Walker’s Greyhounds, not ed for much m arching, he would know about the desire
for rest. James H. Armstrong menti ons i n his letter after the Battle of
Mansfield that he sold an artic le of some sort to Col. Clar k that he had
found on an abandoned Yankee am bulance.

MILITARY: The organization of the 14th Infantry Regiment was completed ear ly
in the summer o f 1862. James Watson (J.W.) Armstrong, James Harvey’s s on,
joined this Regiment on 1 March 18 62. Members were recruited at Gilme r,
Marshall and Livingston and in Upshur and Smith Counti es of Texas. T he 14th
was assigned to Randal’s and Maclay’s Brigade, Trans- Mississip pi Depar
tment. The commanders were Col. Edward Clark, Lt. Col. William By rd and Maj.
Augustus H. Roge rs (Crute, 332-333). The officers in char ge of Company F
were Captain E.B. Gassaway, 1st Lt . G. W. Davis, 2nd L t. W. H. Farris and
2nd Lt. William Davis. The Texas Division operat ed al ong the Texas-Louisiana
border and also in Arkansas. They were acti ve in the fight at the Bat tle of
Mansfield near Shreveport, Louisian a, at Pleasant Hill, Louisiana and
Jenkin’s Ferr y in Arkansas.

MILITARY: Horace Randal in whose Brigade James Harvey served, was bo rn in
McNairy County, Ten nessee and was a graduate of West Point. He serv ed on the
frontier in New Mexico in the U. S . Army. On 27 February 186 1, he resigned
from the U. S. Army and became a colonel in the Conf edera te Army. He led his
Brigade during the Red River Campaign. On 8 April 186 4, in the Battl e of
Mansfield, he earned promotion to brigadier genera l. He never learned of his
promotion a s he was killed at Jenkin’s Fer ry in Arkansas on 30 April 1864.
He is buried at Marshall, Tex as whe re a monument was erected over his grave
(Webb, Vol. II, 436).
James Harvey did not join the 14th until September 1863, some time after i ts
original organiz ation. According to one of his letters, he joined th em at
Simsport, Louisiana, not far from t he mouth of the Red River. His s on, J.W.,
enlisted in 1862 in the 14th Infantry and accordin g to his pens ion
application papers, took part in all their battles.

MILITARY: The Regiment became a second home to the men in the Civil War. U
sually, the men wer e from the same area and knew one another while they w ere
civilians. James Harvey mentions ma ny of his friends and neighbors w ho were
in his regiment in the letters that he wrote home du ring the wa r. As in no
other war, the regiment was the true “spirit” of the men in t he Civi l War
(Long, 716).

MILITARY: James Harvey was a diligent letter writer and a number of his le
tters written durin g the time he was in the Confederate Army have been sa
ved. Mentioned in J. H. Armstrong’s let ters is his son by his first marri
age, J.W. (Jimmy) Armstrong. He was also in the 14th Texa s Infantry, bei ng
first assigned to Company I under Captain J.M. Spratt and later transfe rre d
to Company F. Jimmy is referred to several times in the letters writ ten by
his father.

MILITARY: Also mentioned in the letters is Daniel. He was a slave who w as
with James H. Armst rong. He did laundry for James and other chores. Fr om
time to time, James hired him out to ot her men for extra money wh en he did
their chores. Daniel evidently had a crooked leg, as Jame s H. m entions that
one leg of his pants wore out more quickly than the other. Ja mes H. also r
elates that Daniel had swapped off his pony for a first ra te blind horse and
paid $20 to boot . He then had to sell it for $5. Jam es said if they went to
Brownsville, he would have to sen d Daniel home be cause he had no horse.

MILITARY: The 14th Texas Infantry took part in the following battles as we ll
as many other sk irmishes: Milliken’s Bend--7 June 1863 in Louisiana; M
ansfield--8 April 1864 in Louisiana; Pl easant Hill--9 April 1864 in Louis
iana; Marks Mills--25 April 1864 in Arkansas; and Jenkin’ s Ferry--30 Apr il
1864 in Arkansas.
The battle of Milliken’s Bend took place on 7 June 1863 near the town of M
illiken’s Bend, Lou isiana, on the Mississippi River above Vicksburg. Th is
battle took place before James Harve y joined the 14th Infantry, b ut J. W.
Armstrong, his son, was present. Although present at th e sigh t, the Texas
Infantry only acted as a back-up unit for this battle. The Co nfederate Arm y
decided to attack Milliken’s Bend; then having tak en it to attack Young’s
Point in order t o cover Pemberton s army shou ld he decide to abandon
Vicksburg where Pemberton s Confederate s were und er siege. The Federal camp
was immediately above Milliken’s Bend, 15 fe et above th e right bank of the
Mississippi River. The camp was 150 yar ds wide and sheltered by two levee s,
one on the riverbank and the oth er on the land side. In front of the forward
levee was a l ong hedge row s ome 15 feet high and so thick that a man could
hardly get through it. T he cam p was protected by mostly ex-slaves who had
been mustered into t he Federal army on May 22, th e African Brigade. Also
defending was the Fe deral 23rd Iowa Infantry, while gunboats supporte d the
Yanks in the re ar on the Mississippi River.

MILITARY: Taking a roundabout route, Walker’s Division, nicknamed Walker ’s
Greyhounds becaus e of their rapid and frequent marching, arriv ed on 6 June
in the vicinity of Richmond, Louisi ana. Horace Randal’s Brig ade remained in
reserve for this battle. The Confederates under th e comma nd of General
McCulloch were aided in scouting by Cal. Harrison’s Louisia na Cavalry. T hese
scouts were suddenly fired on from behind a hedge; th ey broke and fled to the
rear, rend ering the cavalry of no use to McCullo ch at the moment. Three
Brigades of McCulloch’s Rebel s fought from hed ge to hedge andiditch to ditch
until they broke across the first lev ee on th e land side which was 10 feet
high and crowned with cotton bale s. The Rebels cried “no quarte r” and
attacked with bayonets and clubbed m uskets. The Fede-ral troops retreated to
the secon d line of defense whi ch was also fortified with cotton bales. The
negro troops had had lit tl e experience in loading their guns and most of the
casualties were sh ot in the top of the hea d as they cowered behind the
cotton bales or we re later bayoneted. The Federals were driven i nto the open
space betwe en the levees and through their camp to the river bank. Many were
kil l ed here. Walker hurried forward after noon with Randal’s Brigade, but t
he Confederate troop s under McCulloch had already been withdrawn out of r
ange of the gunboats, the “Lexington” an d “Choctaw”. The Federals suffer ed
652 casualties and the Confederates 185 in this battle (Lo ng, 363). Wa lker
withdrew his men toward Richmond, Louisiana to prepare for later figh ting.

MILITARY: James Harvey and his son J.W. were in the Battle of Mansfield (S
ahine Crossroads) o n 8 April 1864 which took place near Mansfield, Louisi
ana. President Lincoln and the Federa l leaders were influenced by two pre
ssure groups to mount a campaign along the Texas border . One group want ed an
expedition sent into Texas to settle the cotton lands with free lab or t o
supply the idle cotton mills in the North and the other group want ed the
Mississippi Rive r to be immediately opened to trade. Shreveport co mmanded
the northern approaches to the Re d River and held large depo ts of supplies,
while the town of Marshall commanded the entranc e to Texa s. The result of
these pressure groups was the Red River Campaign and t he Battle o f Mansfield
was a part of this endeavor by General Banks, t he Union General, who was
station ed at New Orleans. Union General Steel e, in Arkansas, was to attack
Shreveport from the nort h also. ‘The campai gn was planned in late March when
the Red River would be high enou gh to fl oat the Union gunboats. Even at
that, low water Forced seven gunb oats and the larger transpor ts to stay
behind at Natchitoches. When the j oint navy-army force of the Federals
arrived a t Natchitoches and Grand Ec ore on 30-31, March 1864, General Banks
chose to take the post roa d throu gh Pleasant Hill and Mansfield to reach
Shreveport, then the capitol of Lo uisiana. H e expected no opposition before
reaching Shreveport and took t he better road although it too k him away from
the protection of his gun b oats on the Red River. This led to his defeat in t
he Battle of Mansfie ld (Plummer, 6).

MILITARY: General E. Kirby Smith was the Rebel commander in charge of Conf
ederate operation s west of the Mississippi. Lt. General Richard Taylor w as
in charge of Rebel troops in Louisi ana. Taylor fell back before Bank ’s Union
advance while Kirby decided how to deal with Gen. S teele descend ing from the
north. Some 40 miles south of Shreveport, at Mansfield, thr ee road s led to
Shreveport. Here Taylor stopped his retreat and prepar ed to make a stand.
Taylor ha d his troops concentrated and waiting whi le the Yankee force was
stretched out over twelve mi les along a country r oad with wagons filled with
supplies interspersed with the marching sold i ers.

MILITARY: Position was important in the Battle of Mansfield. There w as an
open field about 10 00 yards across and a mile long, surround ed by a pine
forest. The wagon road ran through thi s field (now Highway 1 75). Facing the
enemy, Taylor stationed Walker’s Texas Division on th e ri ght of the road
with a regiment of cavalry on Walker’s right. Gen.Mouton ’s Division was s
tationed to the left of the road with cavalry brigad es on his left. Randal’s
Brigade, of whic h James Harvey Armstrong a nd J. W. Armstrong were a part,
was stationed first to the right o f the r oad. Before the battle began,
Taylor moved Randal immediately to the le ft of the roa d between Walker’s
Division (Waul’s Brigade) and Mouton’s Di vision. At 4 o’clock, the Yanks b
egan to advance slowly and after some sk irmishing, the Rebels attacked with
terrible ferocity . Taylor struck t he tip of the Union line, causing them to
spin back. The retreating troo ps c aused panic among the teamsters of the
long wagon train. Mass disord er ruled the area.

MILITARY: Mouton led the Rebel charge across the field. Randal supported M
outon’s attack by a dvancing his regiments in echelon from the left. The s
laughter was terrible on both sides, bu t suddenly the Federals turned a nd
began to retreat. The Rebels, yelling wildly, pursued them , fighting f or
their home soil. Gen. Banks narrowly escaped capture in the retrea t. At dark
t he battle came to a standstill and only the stand of the X IX Corps of the
Federal army to cov er the retreat saved the Yankee Arm y. James H. Armstrong
tells in one of his letters of bein g detailed to g et supplies from some
ambulances abandoned in the woods during the battl e. On e Yankee called this
battle “our skedaddle fromithe Rebs.” The Uni on had 2,800 soldiers kille d,
missing or wounded while the Rebel casualti es totaled 2,200. Just as the
Union soldiers ha d begun their flight, a co urier from Gen. Kirby arrived
with orders for Gen. Taylor to contin ue h is retreat to Shreveport and not to
fight. Gen. Taylor told the courier, ’ You are too lat e, the battle is won.”

MILITARY: General Banks ordered a general retreat and fell back to Pleasa nt
Hill. Taylor stru ck at Pleasant Hill on 9 April 1864, Taylor having ab out
12,500 men and Banks about 12,000. H owever, the Federals held good gr ound
here and checked the Rebel drive. One account states th at the Federa ls lost
from their 12,000 men, 150 killed, 844 wounded, and 375 missing f or a to tal
of 1369 lost at Pleasant Hill. The Rebels had from their 12,5 00 engaged,
about 1200 kille d and wounded and 426 missing (Long, 483). H is associates
persuaded Banks to continue his wit hdrawal from the area a nd the Union army
retreated down the Red River. This ended the atte mp t to invade Texas.

MILITARY: After Pleasant Hill, Walker’s Division was ordered back to Mansf
ield. On 15 April 1 864, they crossed the Red River at Shreveport on a pon
toon bridge and marched by way of Minde n toward Camden, Arkansas in pursu it
of the Yankee General Steele. They took part in a skirmi sh at Mark’s M ills
on 25 April. They arrived near Camden on 26 April and discovered th at Gen .
Steele had started toward Little Rock. The Federals were overtak en on 30
April while they w ere crossing the Saline River at Jenkin s Ferr y. Here, in
a sea of mud, the battle was fought . \The Federals had stro ng breastworks
from fallen timber, with Toxie Creek on their le ft an d an impenetrable swamp
on their right. The Confederates of Churchil l’s Arkansians and Parson ’s
Missiourians had been turned back when Walk er arrived at 9 a.m. after a rapid
march. The T exans attacked furiousl y, but did no better than the other
Confederates had.. Randal and Sc ur ry of Walker’s Division were mortally
wounded and Waul, another Briga de commander in Walker’ s command, was
injured. Gen. Waul was weak from lo ss of blood, but did recover from his
wound s. Gen. Scurry refused to be m oved from the battlefield when he was
wounded. His brigade wa s pushed ba ck by the Federals and Scurry lay for two
hours in the midst of the battl e. When h is men finally pushed the Yanks
back, his first question to h is men was, “Have we whipped the m?” When
answered in the affirmativ e, he replied, “Now take me to a house where I can
be mad e comfortable a nd die easy.” Randal was promoted to the rank of
brigadier general after t he B attle of Mansfield, but he never received word
of his promotion befo re he died at Jenkin’s Fe rry. The loss of these
commanders, Randal, Scur ry and Waul, caused a delay in time and confus ion in
determining who w as commanding, so the Rebels did not fare well in the
battle. The Fed er al army crossed the Saline River and returned to Little
Rock with no moles tation. It wa s a bloody fight with nothing accomplished by
the Rebels. T he Rebels had been marching for da ys in the rain before the
battle and h ad to march rapidly to the front on the day of battle . Walker’s
Divisi on lost 74 killed, 266 wounded, and 1 missing for a total of 341.
The 14th Infantry continued to operate in Arkansas and was later mov ed to
Shreveport, then t o Hempstead, Texas where it was disbanded befo re the
surrender in June, 1865. When news reach ed Gen. Walker’s men th at Lee had
surrendered, they no longer had a heart to continue fight in g. The “breakup”
began with soldiers taking horses and supplies and sta rting for home. Afte r
the breakup began not a man could be found in so me encampments within an hour
s time. By Ma y 19, most of the men in Walke r’s Division had left for home or
were preparing to go. The par ting betwe en many of the men was very touching.
“Many put their arms around each oth er’s neck s, and sobbed like children;
others gave the strong grasp of t he hand, and silently went awa y with hearts
too full for utterance whi le still others would mutter a huskily-voiced
‘Good-b ye; or deep oath” (B lessington, 307). The men sadly left their
comrades, but hopefully hea de d back to their homes and loved ones—the war
was over—this was good—ev en though they had lost .
Return to James T. THOMPSON

Notes for James William THOMPSON

James Thompson is listed without his wife on the 1870 Mississippi census f or
Neshoba County. He is listed as Indian and a part of the Pearl River Co
mmunity. His descendants would then be a part of the Mississippi Band of C
hoctaws. He appears to have been cut out of his fathers will in 1856 as on ly
his son by Elizabeth Coats, Thomas Archibald Thompson, is listed as get ting
his share, even though other children still in Mississippi are listed .

Sources: LWT of Archibald Thompson January 7, 1856, Smith County, Texas; 1 870
Neshoba County, Mississippi Census
Return to James William THOMPSON

Notes for Jane THOMPSON

Per Chuck Thompson 
According to the source letter, this Jane Thompson married a "Bratton". S he
has shown up in no other information so far. No date/places or other da ta
Return to Jane THOMPSON

Notes for Jane THOMPSON

Per Chuck Thompson 
The O'Donnell book says that Jane married Judge Rezin Shelby in 1825 and t hey
founded the large and prosperous Shelby family, living on the north ba nk of
the Vermillion just east of the Army Ford bridge. She died on Novemb er 9, 
1870 and is buried in the Shelby cemetery there.
Return to Jane THOMPSON

Notes for Jane Anna THOMPSON

Note: Jane Thompson Phillips was a member of the Daughters of the Americ an

Educated in the Cherokee National schools and Female Seminary, from whi ch she
graduated June 29, 1893.
Return to Jane Anna THOMPSON

Notes for Jane S. THOMPSON

Source: LWT Henry B. Thompson Jr., Probate Court, Greene County, Alabam a, File
Number 1887, Book Y, pgs. 346-356, January 8, 1869
Return to Jane S. THOMPSON

Notes for Jeniffer Shaunde THOMPSON

Jeniffer was born at St. Mary's Hospital in Enid, Oklahoma where shortly a fter
birth she began to turn blue. She was rushed to Childrens Memorial Ho spital
in Oklahoma City where they conducted emergency surgery on her hear t. She
lived 26 days and died not from the heart but from problems relat ed to a
twisted bowl, that the hospital never detected.
Return to Jeniffer Shaunde THOMPSON

Notes for Jeremiah THOMPSON


Jeremiah Thompson married Abigail Hart in 1829. He was 29 and she w as 19 at
the time of there marriege. They had 10 children. In a article ab out his son
Charles Thompson in the book The History of Jefferson County t he following is
written: Jeremiah Thompson, who was born in Chatham count y, North Carolin, in
1800, removed to Ohio with his parents when a you th of thirteen years and
there later followed farming. He also took an act ive interest in political
affairs as an advocate of the democracy and w as several times elected to
position of public trust and responsiblit y. In march, 1850 he came to
Jefferson County, Iowa and purchased what w as known as the Cameron farm,
Comprising of one hundred and sixty acr es of cleared land and eighty acres of
timber. H immediately began the ta sk of improving the place and was busily
engaged in its operation througho ut the rest of his life. He became widely
recognized as a substantial a nd progressive citizen of the community and it
was largely because of h is efforts that the Birmingham Lodge of the
Independent Order of Odd Fello ws was orginized. His demise occured on the 5th
of July, 1875. This artic le puts his birth as 1800. but I believe it was
March 21, 1805.
Return to Jeremiah THOMPSON

Notes for Jesse THOMPSON

Questionable lineage.
Return to Jesse THOMPSON