Archibald settled in Smith County, Texas in 1851. Some family have stat ed that he was in Texas with his brother William and cousin David McC oy as early as 1825, at Theona Village or on Attoyac Bayou in what was th en Nacogdoches District of Texas & Coahuila. It was also stated that he pa rticipated in the first days battle with the Texas Cherokees against the T exas Army in July 1839, but went back to Mississippi after that. He settl ed near his Cherokee Thompson cousins not far from Laird Hill, Texas ju st across the Rusk/Smith County line. He is buried at the Asbury Cemete ry near Overton, Texas. Archibald Thompson may have been polygamous, as was his brother Henry, w ho also married a Jackson the relative of Elizabeth. Both were thoug ht to be full blood Choctaws. Following Elizabeths death Archibald marri ed a full blood Caddo named Nancy Islea, then two years later he married h is first cousin Anna Strong Thompson who was 1/8 Lumbee. Archibald's oth er full brother William, married a quarter blood Choctaw woman named Eliza beth Jones Mangum the granddaughter of Nashoba whose English name was Samu el or Jim Jones. Archibald's brother Henry remained in the east after t he Choctaw removal. It is believed that his birth name was John and th at he took the name Henry Butt Thompson, so that he might be accepted bett er in Alabama society. Their father had two other sons named John, one fr om each wife. Henry remained with Percilla in Alabama until his death. So me sources state he was in Pontotoc County before removal and others sta te he was in Texas early but left to remain in Alabama. Archibald settl ed in Texas near the Mount Tabor Indian Community where he remained unt il his death in 1857. His brother William, after spending time in Texas, r elocated to the Choctaw Nation at Doaksville, where he died in 1840. Archibald and Anna Strong Thompson were first cousins. She was the daught er of his uncle John Thompson. Archibald was 1/8 Chickasaw, 1/4 Choctaw a nd 1/32 Cheraw (Lumbee) The Will of Archibald Thompson State of Texas, County of Smith In the name of Almighty God, Amen, I, Archibald Thompson, of the coun ty and state aforesaid, being in full piossession of my mental faculties a nd being far advanced in age and much afflicted in body, do make and orda in this my last will and testament. Item first. I give and bequeath to my wife Anna Thompson during her l ife or widowhood the following Negroes, viz: Hanna, Sambo, Louisa, Easte r, Lucy and Granny Dafney. Also I give her during her lifetime or widowho od my wagon and two yoke of steers, two mules named Rock and Burton, a b ay mare pony, four cows and calves to be chosen by her, four sows and the ir pigs, and at the division of my estate my wife is to have meat sufficie nt for one year out of my stock of hogs, also a sufficiency of corn to sup port her and her stock and family of Negroes one year if there is a suffic iency made in the plantation. I also give her two beds and bedding and a ll the kitchen furniture in the same manner as I have willed the above Neg roes. I also will my wife during six years or during her widowhood or life time the use and services of Lewis & Dan, at the end of which time the sa id Negroes are to go to my children as hereafter bequeathed. Item second. I will to my daughter Frances M. Finley a Negro girl nam ed Harriett which she received when the said Negro was ten years old. I al so will her one hundred dollars to be paid to her by my daughter Saleta Ca tes or her husband James Cates and one hundred dollars to be paid by daugh ter Elizabeth, which sums will fall due at the time the proceeds of my per ishable property fall due. I also will her six hundred dollars to be pa id out of the proceeds of my estate when the said effects are sold and col lected by my executors, which is done in order to make an equal division a mongst my children. Item third. I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Jackson t wo Negroes, viz: Julian, aged seven years when given to her, and Joe, up on her paying one hundred dollars to Frances M. Finley. Item fourth. I give and bequeath to my daughter Saleta J. Cates two N egroes, viz: Chiney, ten years old when she received said Negro, and a Neg ro named Dana, upon my daughter Saleta or her husband James Cates paying o ne hundred dollars to my daughter Frances M. Finley, according to a form er item. Item fifth. I give and bequeath unto my son Absolem A. Thompson, t wo Negroes, viz: Maria, aged nineteen years when he received her, and a Ne gro man named Jerry. I also will him the use of my farm that lies nor th of the old road for one year without rent, provided that he wishes to r emain that long on the premises. Item sixth. I give to my son John T. Thompson two Negroes, viz: Marga ret, aged twelve years when he received her, and a Negro boy named Lewis. Item seventh. I give to my son Hugh M. Thompson two Negroes, viz: Car ol, aged five years when he received said Negro, and a Negro boy named Wes ley. Item eighth. I give to my son Nicholas B. Thompson two Negroes, vi z: Ben aged five years when he received said Negro and a Negro boy named D ave. Item ninth. I give to my daughter Alsey A. Thompson two Negroes, vi z: Sarah Jane and Jack. Item tenth. I give to my daughter Martha S. Thompson two Negroes, vi z: Caroline and Fields. Item eleventh. I give to my daughter Sarah M. Thompson one Negro gi rl named Alabama. Also I will giver her one other Negro out of the increa se of any of the Negroes heretofore given in another item to my wife, a nd in case there should be no such increase by the time of the dea th of my wife or of my wife's marriage again, then I give said daughter Sa rah eight hundred dollars out of the proceeds of my estate. Item twelfth. I give to my grandson Thomas A. Thompson a Negro girl n amed Joan Rizziah, and if there is sufficient increase to afford it from t he Negroes I have given to my wife, he is to have one more Negro. I also w ill and desire that my son Absolem take charge of said Thomas and educa te him for his labor & to take charge of said Negro property as will fa ll to said Thomas' share as soon as said Negroes are of use and worth the ir boarding. Item thirteenth. I will and desire my son Absolem to take char ge of my daughter Elizabeth and her property after the division of my Negr oes takes place. Item fourteenth. I will each of my single daughters in addition to t he former items one bed and bedding when they marry or leave my wife's hom e; also one cow and calf to each of them as soon as convenient. Item fifteenth. I will that all my property not herein enumerat ed or disposed of to be sold when my executors think it expedient. Item sixteenth. I will and desire that all my property of land, Negro es, and every other species of property remain on the premises until a ll my debts are paid or settled to the satisfaction of my creditors. Item seventeenth. I will that in case my executors believe at any ti me that the property which I have willed to my wife is wasting aw ay or is likely to be squandered, then all such property willed to my wi fe I desire to be sold and my wife to receive the interest of the procee ds of such sale during her lifetime or widowhood. Item eighteenth. I desire that no further action be taken on my esta te by the Probate Court than the registration & copy of my will. Item nineteenth. I hereby appoint my sons Absolem and Nicholas B. Tho mpson to act as my executors and carry out my intentions jointly unt il my debts are paid & my property divided, after which I desire my son Ni cholas to act alone and finish the business of my estate. Item twentieth. I will that any one or more of my children that sha ll attempt to break or destroy my will by going to law on the subject, su ch child or children is to forfeit whatsoever has been allocated to th em & such property so forfeited shall be equally divided amongst su ch of my children as submit to my will. Witness my hand and seal, using a scroll for a seal, this 7th of Janu ary 1856 Archibald's estate was valued at $20, 793.07. This compares with only $6,3 93.00 for the average Texas farmer in 1860. Slaves of Archibald Thompson at the time of his death, taken from LWT of A rchibald Thompson appraisal June 6, 1857 (Smith County Probate Records, Pr obate Minutes B-1, pp. 40-41): Jack, age 7 male; Fields, age 3 male; Wesley, age 3 male; Rise, age 2 fema le; Armunia, age 1 female; Ben, age 8 male; Sarah, age 5 female; Carolin e, age 4 female; Alabama, age 3 female; Sam, age 1 male; Maria, age 20 fem ale; Chiney, age 12 female; Carrol, age 8 male; Granny Dafney, age 80 fema le; Hanner, age 62 female; Julian, age 8 female; Sambo, age 52 male; Susa n, age 45 female; Lewis, age 11 male; David Crockett, age 10 male; Louis y, age 24 female; Easter, age 27 female; Harriett, age 17 female; Margare t, age 14 female; Dana, age 32 male; Joe, age 26 male; Jerry, age 30 male. NOTE: In the will of Alexander Thompson, son of Henry Sr. by Frances Nicho las, he does not mention any of his Choctaw half brothers, Henry Jr., Arch ibald or William by his father Henry's second wife Margaret McCoy. He do es mention his father and step-mother as well as his full and half siblin gs by Frances Nicholas and Flora McLean. This seeming to indicate a raci al divide between the legitamate white Thompson children and the Choctaw-C hickasaw children of Margaret McCoy who was married to Henry by Choctaw cu stom only. Sources: LWT of Archibald Thompson January 7, 1856, Smith County, Texas, P robate Minutes Vol. B, pg. 510; 1830 Marengo County, Alabama Census; 18 40 Lauderdale County, Mississippi Census; 1850 Carroll County, Mississip pi Census; Greene County, Alabama Deed Records, Vol. D, pg. 278, Marengo C ounty Deed Records, Vol. C, pg. 10, Vol. D, pg. 17; Cemetery Records, Asbu ry Cemetery, Smith County, Texas; Mary E. O'Quin, affidavit, Muskogee, Cre ek Nation, Indian Territory, March 19. 1903, MCR File 7124, Bureau of Indi an Affairs, Muskogee, Oklahoma; Department of the Interior, Office of Ind ian Affairs correspondence between A.C. Tonner, Acting Commissioner for t he Dawes Commission, and the Secretary of the Interior, April 29, 1904; re f. Land 25846-1904-Oklahoma Historical Society; Census; Appendix, Some des cendants of Margaret McCoy Thompson, Files MCR 341 and 7124, Bureau of Ind ian Affairs, Muskogee, Oklahoma, September 21,1899; LWT Alexander Thomps on July 20, 1824; Smith County Probate Records, Probate Minutes B-1, pp. 40-41.
Note: This person is quite often confused with Archibald Thompson, son of Henry Butt Thompson and Margaret McCoy. Henry the son of John and Alsey (Butt) Thompson.
From Imogean McDonald: A. B. Tompson signed the 1812 War Pension applicati on of Mary Crowder Shinpock. I believe A. B. to be Archable. In the 1870 R osebud Arkansas Census, M. Shinpock age 78 female, was living in househo ld # 16. A. B. Thompson age 35 white male, born AL, was living in househo ld # 17. He had in his household: M. age 33, born AL; A. (female) age 1 4; E. (female) age 12; a female age 10, a female age 6, and a female age 3 . 5 March 1860 - Certificate 4961 - Archibald Thompson of Sebastian Count y, Arkansas, Land Office at Clarksville, obtained the S 1/2 of Section 2 2, Township 7 North of Range 30 West in the District of Lands subject to s ale at Clarksville, Arkansas containing Three hundred and Twenty Acres (32 0). Signed by James Buchanan President of the United States of America. --GLO Records 1860 - Spring Hill, Arkansas (County??) Family #768 - A. B. Thompson age 2 3, born AL and his family, which included the young couple John Riley a ge 20, born MS and Mary E. age 18, born SC. (Who was this Mary E.)? -- Fam ily # 773 was John Duncan Thompson, Jr. with wife Narcissis and their 11 m onth old daughter, Mary C. - Household #782 was John W. Thompson age 24, b orn AL and his wife Sarah age 23, born MS and their first child, Florence age 2, born AR. 1870 White County, Arkansas (Rosebud) listed A. B. Thompson age 35, bor n, AL, Farmer, Real estate value $1000.00, personal property $600.00. H is household was listed as: M. Thompson age 33, female, keeping house, bo rn AL; A. C. age 14; E. (f) age 12; M. (f) age 10; A. A. age 6; S. (f) a ge 3; R. age 4/?. All children were born in Arkansas. A. B. and his fami ly were listed next door to his grand-mother Mary Shinpock age 78.
Arthur Thompson was 1/16 Chickasaw and 3/16 Choctaw. Some sources list h is middle name as Franklin. From D.C. Gideon, Indian Territory...1901, p g. 534 he is listed as Arthur J. Probably Jones or James; Department of t he Interior, Office of Indian Affairs correspondence between A.C. Tonne r, Acting Commissioner for the Dawes Commission, and the Secretary of t he Interior, April 29, 1904; ref. Land 25846-1904-Oklahoma Historical Soci ety
Sources: William C. Thompson, et al. vs. Choctaw Nation, MCR File 341, Bu reau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee, Oklahoma; 1896 Choctaw Census; Choctaw R oll Number: 16001, Card Number: 5916; Choctaw Re-instatement list, Departm ent of the Interior to The Commissioner of the Five Civilized Tribes, Febr uary 20, 1909
Artie remained around Clairette, Erath County, all his life. He was a far mer, a civic leader, a Mason and he attended the Methodist Church with h is wife, Myrtle Lee, who was the daughter of a Methodist minister. I neve r, ever heard him raise his voice to anyone and I have never known a kinde r, more gentle man. When his health began to suffer in 1950, he and Myrt le bought the Gulf Service Station in Clairette. They bought the hou se on the south side of Hwy. 6 directly across from the station. Artie dev eloped lung cancer and lived the last 18 months of his life with one lun g. He was never, ever heard to even utter one word about the pain. He di ed on February 14, 1963 in Hico Hospital.
Some sources list his name as Bryant.
Benjamin Douglas Thompson was born August 27, 1896 in Henderson, Tex as to Louis Cemore Thompson and Lillian Josie Odom. He moved with the fami ly to Greer County, Oklahoma when he was about 11 years old. Douglas grew up on the Thompson farm near Marie, Oklahoma. He attend ed school in Marie until it was time to enter high school. The high scho ol in Marie was not accredited so he rode by horse to school in Brinkma n, Okla. Later he attended and graduated from Mangum High School, Mangu m, Oklahoma. He attended Oklahoma A&M at Stillwater, Oklahoma for one year. (At o ne time, I had a year book from that year, but have since lost it. I remem ber that Chester A. Gould, creator of the comic strip, Dick Tracy, was a c lassmate, and the yearbook was filled with cartoons and captions by Goul d. - CHS) He moved to Norman, Oklahoma during his second year to study pharma cy but soon changed to medicine. He graduated from the University of Oklah oma Medical School as a medical doctor. He moved to Houston, Texas where he established a practice. He lat er owned his own medical building. He died of a heart attack at the a ge of 85.
Sources: 1817-19 Reservations: May 14, 1818, #78, head of Hiwassee Rive r, 3 in family 1835 Cherokee Census roll: Salequoyah Creek, GA; The Story Of Craig Coun ty Its People And Places Vol. 2, Page 283-284 Section F455; Thompson a nd Edmundson Family Farm, by Dr. W.O. Edmundson. THOMPSON TIMBER INTERESTS. Three generations of Thompsons active in the lu mber industryqv in Texas included Benjamin Franklin Thompson, the fir st of the clan in Texas; his sons, John Martin and William Wirt Thompso n; and John Martin Thompson'sqv sons, James A., Benjamin F., William P ., J. Lewis, Alexander, and Hoxie H. Thompson. The Thompson enterprises be gan in 1852, when B. F. Thompson and his two sons erected a sash mill ne ar Kilgore. They built two circular sawmills before the Civil Warqv and an other immediately after the war. After the death of W. W. Thompson in 187 4, J. M. Thompson took in a partner, Henry Tucker, and carried on the busi ness with the aim of gradually bringing in his sons. Of his sons the mo st active in the business were J. Lewis, Alexander, and Hoxie. During t he late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the Thompsons built the ir empire in timber through a series of sound business decisions. In 18 81 they moved their operations to Willard in order to market lumber via t he Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway. They facilitated their marketing wi th connections by partnership to retail lumberyards. They organized a coll ection of corporate vehicles-including the Thompson and Tucker Lumber Comp any, the J. M. Thompson Lumber Company, the Thompson Brothers Lumber Compa ny, and the Thompson and Ford Lumber Company-to hold their interests. Mo st important, they acquired timberland and built mills, and their interes ts sprawled across East Texas. By 1907 their companies owned 149,736 acr es of land and operated mills at Willard, Doucette, and Grayburg. From 19 06 on, they managed their interests from corporate offices in Houston. The panic of 1907 struck the expanding company hard. With reorganizati on of management, deferment of expansion, and infusions of capital fr om a retail lumberman named Ben Foster in Kansas City, the Thompsons survi ved the panic, retrenched, and resumed expansion by building new mil ls at New Willard and Trinity. The panic caused them, however, to rethi nk their operations and to make provision for future exigencies. They fenc ed thousands of acres of cut-over lands, set up a cattle company to use th em, and established a demonstration farm on them, in order to facilitate s ales of such lands to ranchers and farmers. The Thompsons also, in calcula ted fashion, separated the functions of ownership of lands and cutti ng of lumber. They turned lumbering operations over to two new compani es in which they held interests, the Texas Long Leaf Lumber Company and t he Rock Creek Lumber Company, and converted their older companies into la nd companies. In keeping with these policies, when the Thompsons bought 89 ,000 additional acres of timberland in Houston and Trinity counties in 191 4, they cut none of the timber themselves but organized the Houston Coun ty Timber Company to hold the lands. In short, the Thompsons withdrew fr om lumbering and pursued other interests. J. Lewis and Alexander embark ed upon careers in banking, and Hoxie took care of the brothers' land inte rests. In managing the land interests of the Thompsons, Hoxie Thompson pur sued a twofold plan. First he sought to sell off cut-over lands as expedit iously as possible. The outstanding example of this occurred in 1936, wh en he sold 94,126 acres to the United States Forest Service for $12. 50 an acre; these lands subsequently formed a large part of the Davy Crock ett National Forest.qv His second concern was to keep mineral interes ts in land where he was disposing of surface rights. Consequently, duri ng the 1930s and thereafter, despite the depression in the lumber busines s, the Thompsons remained prosperous through oil and gas leases. Meanwhil e, by 1950 Hoxie had sold nearly all the Thompson lands. The Thompsons had the reputation of being more humane and conservation-min ded than other pioneer lumbermen of East Texas. Their policies toward empl oyees, however, were largely typical of those in the regional lumber indus try. Their companies paid average wages, and employees lived in typical co mpany towns. The Thompsons did, however, make a greater effort than oth er companies to pay wages in cash instead of scrip. Nor did the Thompson c ompanies exhibit particularly enlightened policies in conservation. They p racticed selective cutting at a time when few others in the industry did b ecause they owned their own timberlands and wanted to handle them prudentl y. They never reforested their cut-over lands but disposed of them. Howeve r, as president of the Texas Forestry Associationqv from 1942 to 1944, Hox ie Thompson did speak out for reforestation and other conservation practic es, to the long-term good of the industry. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Thomas D. Isern and Raymond Wilson, "Lone Star: The Thomps on Timber Interests of Texas," Red River Valley Historical Review 7 (Fa ll 1981). Robert S. Maxwell, "The Thompsons, Lumbering Clan," Texas Forest ry, January-February 1966. Robert S. Maxwell and Robert D. Baker, Sawdu st Empire: The Texas Lumber Industry, 1830-1940 (College Station: Texas A &M University Press, 1983). Thomas D. Isern Note: LDS OGFN: 521083837 Ref Slave Narratives of those with ties to the Thompson's: Name: Johnson Thompson Post Office: Fort Gibson, Oklahoma Residence Address: Date of Birth: December 1863 Place of Birth: Rusk County, Texas I was born in December 1863 in Rusk County, Texas. My people moved to Tex as during the Civil War. They were owned once by the Harnages, then by t he Thompsons. At one time they were owned by Chief Lowery. My father came back to Fort Gibson and settled five miles east and two mil es north of that place. It is just a quarter of a mile north of where I n ow live. My mother died while we were in Texas. In 1867 there was a cholera epidemic. The government moved us Negroes o ut to Four Mile Creek. When the first one died, Russell Vann selected a si te for a cemetery. The cemetery is still in use. I remember old Mrs. Thompson and remember playing around her place wh en I was very small. My father fiddled for Mrs. Thompson who had an eati ng place. I knew old Mrs. Colston who had a place next to Houston Benge. I remember when this ground around here was all prairie grass and wax wee ds (wax weed was a tall weed with yellow flowers). At seeding time it wou ld hide a rider on a horse. There were very few trees around here then ( he referred to the country surrounding him, which was covered with trees a nd small shrubs). The land has all been cultivated or cattle have r un on it and stomped out the prairie grass. Also persimmons and small shru bs have helped choke it out. I remember once my father went out and kill ed four deer. He came back home and got the wagon and went after the m. He sold the skins and hams at Fort Gibson. Also, he gave a big pa rt of the meat to neighbors. When I was a boy I worked for Bill Baker who was the head cook at the For t. I scrubbed knives and forks and fanned the flies off the tables while t he officers eat. After working there I worked for Tom Still who ran a hote l. I scrubbed knives and forks there and kept the flies off the table at m ealtime. I also used to work for Allen Wilson who had the first mill for m aking molasses. It was made out of wooden rollers and I used to feed in t he sorghum cane. The stores there then were Bushyheads, Danniel Gunters and McClendon s. Henry Meigs used to be postmaster and Mr. Percival used to buy hay. M r. Dennis Bushyhead used to live where Mark Anderson lives now. It was nor th of the Thompson place. There used to be houses just south of the old barracks, where the soldie rs and their wives lived. Also, laundry women lived in these houses. The h ouses were made out of split logs placed straight up for walls, with the s plit side for the inner wall. Most of the rock for the wall of the National Cemetery were gotten on t he hills right around my house (where he now lives.) I helped quarry the r ocks for the barn in the cemetery. An old Irishman had the contract for t he barn and stayed at our house for several days until he could learn us j ust how he wanted the rock quarried. The quarry was about one mile ea st of our place. I stayed with Florene Nash, a merchant in Fort Gibson, for about ten year s. I worked in the bottoms farming and clearing land or anything that w as to be done. Nash had a colored clerk, William Hudson, in his stor e. At another time, Hudson worked for Captain Hayner in his saloon, whi ch was run for the soldiers, white people and colored people. No Indians w ere sold anything out of the saloon. Altho my father was a Cherokee Freedman he did not get an allotment. Jo hn Thornton, a colored man, was appointed a kind of census taker, or somet hing, to point out who came to the country before 1866. John Thornton a nd my father had had a falling out up close to Gibson Station one time wh en they were cutting hay. On account of the quarrel, Thornton said th at my father came to the country just two days too late to be entitl ed to an allotment. When I was a young man, I married Mary Nevins daughte r. I dont remember the date.
1851 Drennan roll: Delaware, 1047
CAUTIONARY NOTE: Link her not proven, may ba a grandson of James. More res earch will need to be done to positively prove link. Some suggestions is t hat he is a descendant of John (Theophilus) by another heretofore unkno wn son or grandson. No additional data to support this. JCT6/10/00
http://worldconnect.rootsweb.co m/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1110855&id=I47 spells her first name Burtha.