Notes for Archibald THOMPSON

Archibald settled in Smith County, Texas in 1851. Some family have stat ed that
he was in Texas with his brother William and cousin David McC oy as early as
1825, at Theona Village or on Attoyac Bayou in what was th en Nacogdoches
District of Texas & Coahuila. It was also stated that he pa rticipated in the
first days battle with the Texas Cherokees against the T exas Army in July
1839, but went back to Mississippi after that. He settl ed near his Cherokee
Thompson cousins not far from Laird Hill, Texas ju st across the Rusk/Smith
County line. He is buried at the Asbury Cemete ry near Overton, Texas.

Archibald Thompson may have been polygamous, as was his brother Henry, w ho
also married a Jackson the relative of Elizabeth. Both were thoug ht to be
full blood Choctaws. Following Elizabeths death Archibald marri ed a full
blood Caddo named Nancy Islea, then two years later he married h is first
cousin Anna Strong Thompson who was 1/8 Lumbee. Archibald's oth er full
brother William, married a quarter blood Choctaw woman named Eliza beth Jones
Mangum the granddaughter of Nashoba whose English name was Samu el or Jim
Jones. Archibald's brother Henry remained in the east after t he Choctaw
removal. It is believed that his birth name was John and th at he took the
name Henry Butt Thompson, so that he might be accepted bett er in Alabama
society. Their father had two other sons named John, one fr om each wife.
Henry remained with Percilla in Alabama until his death. So me sources state
he was in Pontotoc County before removal and others sta te he was in Texas
early but left to remain in Alabama. Archibald settl ed in Texas near the
Mount Tabor Indian Community where he remained unt il his death in 1857. His
brother William, after spending time in Texas, r elocated to the Choctaw
Nation at Doaksville, where he died in 1840.

Archibald and Anna Strong Thompson were first cousins. She was the daught er
of his uncle John Thompson. Archibald was 1/8 Chickasaw, 1/4 Choctaw a nd 1/32
Cheraw (Lumbee)

               The Will of Archibald Thompson
               State of Texas, County of Smith

     In the name of Almighty God, Amen, I, Archibald Thompson, of the coun ty
and state aforesaid, being in full piossession of my mental faculties a nd
being far advanced in age and much afflicted in body, do make and orda in this
my last will and testament.

     Item first. I give and bequeath to my wife Anna Thompson during her l ife
or widowhood the following Negroes, viz: Hanna, Sambo, Louisa, Easte r, Lucy
and Granny Dafney. Also I give her during her lifetime or widowho od my wagon
and two yoke of steers, two mules named Rock and Burton, a b ay mare pony,
four cows and calves to be chosen by her, four sows and the ir pigs, and at
the division of my estate my wife is to have meat sufficie nt for one year out
of my stock of hogs, also a sufficiency of corn to sup port her and her stock
and family of Negroes one year if there is a suffic iency made in the
plantation. I also give her two beds and bedding and a ll the kitchen
furniture in the same manner as I have willed the above Neg roes. I also will
my wife during six years or during her widowhood or life time the use and
services of Lewis & Dan, at the end of which time the sa id Negroes are to go
to my children as hereafter bequeathed.

     Item second. I will to my daughter Frances M. Finley a Negro girl nam ed
Harriett which she received when the said Negro was ten years old. I al so
will her one hundred dollars to be paid to her by my daughter Saleta Ca tes or
her husband James Cates and one hundred dollars to be paid by daugh ter
Elizabeth, which sums will fall due at the time the proceeds of my per ishable
property fall due. I also will her six hundred dollars to be pa id out of the
proceeds of my estate when the said effects are sold and col lected by my
executors, which is done in order to make an equal division a mongst my

     Item third. I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Jackson t wo
Negroes, viz: Julian, aged seven years when given to her, and Joe, up on her
paying one hundred dollars to Frances M. Finley.

     Item fourth. I give and bequeath to my daughter Saleta J. Cates two N
egroes, viz: Chiney, ten years old when she received said Negro, and a Neg ro
named Dana, upon my daughter Saleta or her husband James Cates paying o ne
hundred dollars to my daughter Frances M. Finley, according to a form er item.

     Item fifth. I give and bequeath unto my son Absolem A. Thompson, t wo
Negroes, viz: Maria, aged nineteen years when he received her, and a Ne gro
man named Jerry. I also will him the use of my farm that lies nor th of the
old road for one year without rent, provided that he wishes to r emain that
long on the premises.

     Item sixth. I give to my son John T. Thompson two Negroes, viz: Marga
ret, aged twelve years when he received her, and a Negro boy named Lewis.

     Item seventh. I give to my son Hugh M. Thompson two Negroes, viz: Car ol,
aged five years when he received said Negro, and a Negro boy named Wes ley.

     Item eighth. I give to my son Nicholas B. Thompson two Negroes, vi z: Ben
aged five years when he received said Negro and a Negro boy named D ave.

     Item ninth. I give to my daughter Alsey A. Thompson two Negroes, vi z:
Sarah Jane and Jack.

     Item tenth. I give to my daughter Martha S. Thompson two Negroes, vi z:
Caroline and Fields.

     Item eleventh. I give to my daughter Sarah M. Thompson one Negro gi rl
named Alabama. Also I will giver her one other Negro out of the increa se of
any of the Negroes heretofore given in another item to my wife, a nd in case
there should be no such increase by the time of the dea th of my wife or of my
wife's marriage again, then I give said daughter Sa rah eight hundred dollars
out of the proceeds of my estate.

     Item twelfth. I give to my grandson Thomas A. Thompson a Negro girl n
amed Joan Rizziah, and if there is sufficient increase to afford it from t he
Negroes I have given to my wife, he is to have one more Negro. I also w ill
and desire that my son Absolem take charge of said Thomas and educa te him for
his labor & to take charge of said Negro property as will fa ll to said
Thomas' share as soon as said Negroes are of use and worth the ir boarding.

     Item thirteenth. I will and desire my son Absolem to take char ge of my
daughter Elizabeth and her property after the division of my Negr oes takes

     Item fourteenth. I will each of my single daughters in addition to t he
former items one bed and bedding when they marry or leave my wife's hom e;
also one cow and calf to each of them as soon as convenient.

     Item fifteenth. I will that all my property not herein enumerat ed or
disposed of to be sold when my executors think it expedient.

     Item sixteenth. I will and desire that all my property of land, Negro es,
and every other species of property remain on the premises until a ll my debts
are paid or settled to the satisfaction of my creditors.

     Item seventeenth. I will that in case my executors believe at any ti me
that the property which I have willed to my wife is wasting aw ay or is likely
to be squandered, then all such property willed to my wi fe I desire to be
sold and my wife to receive the interest of the procee ds of such sale during
her lifetime or widowhood.

     Item eighteenth. I desire that no further action be taken on my esta te
by the Probate Court than the registration & copy of my will.

     Item nineteenth. I hereby appoint my sons Absolem and Nicholas B. Tho
mpson to act as my executors and carry out my intentions jointly unt il my
debts are paid & my property divided, after which I desire my son Ni cholas to
act alone and finish the business of my estate.

     Item twentieth. I will that any one or more of my children that sha ll
attempt to break or destroy my will by going to law on the subject, su ch
child or children is to forfeit whatsoever has been allocated to th em & such
property so forfeited shall be equally divided amongst su ch of my children as
submit to my will.

     Witness my hand and seal, using a scroll for a seal, this 7th of Janu ary

Archibald's estate was valued at $20, 793.07. This compares with only $6,3
93.00 for the average Texas farmer in 1860.

Slaves of Archibald Thompson at the time of his death, taken from LWT of A
rchibald Thompson appraisal June 6, 1857 (Smith County Probate Records, Pr
obate Minutes B-1, pp. 40-41):
Jack, age 7 male; Fields, age 3 male; Wesley, age 3 male; Rise, age 2 fema le;
Armunia, age 1 female; Ben, age 8 male; Sarah, age 5 female; Carolin e, age 4
female; Alabama, age 3 female; Sam, age 1 male; Maria, age 20 fem ale; Chiney,
age 12 female; Carrol, age 8 male; Granny Dafney, age 80 fema le; Hanner, age
62 female; Julian, age 8 female; Sambo, age 52 male; Susa n, age 45 female;
Lewis, age 11 male; David Crockett, age 10 male; Louis y, age 24 female;
Easter, age 27 female; Harriett, age 17 female; Margare t, age 14 female;
Dana, age 32 male; Joe, age 26 male; Jerry, age 30 male.

NOTE: In the will of Alexander Thompson, son of Henry Sr. by Frances Nicho
las, he does not mention any of his Choctaw half brothers, Henry Jr., Arch
ibald or William by his father Henry's second wife Margaret McCoy. He do es
mention his father and step-mother as well as his full and half siblin gs by
Frances Nicholas and Flora McLean. This seeming to indicate a raci al divide
between the legitamate white Thompson children and the Choctaw-C hickasaw
children of Margaret McCoy who was married to Henry by Choctaw cu stom only.

Sources: LWT of Archibald Thompson January 7, 1856, Smith County, Texas, P
robate Minutes Vol. B, pg. 510; 1830 Marengo County, Alabama Census; 18 40
Lauderdale County, Mississippi Census;  1850 Carroll County, Mississip pi
Census; Greene County, Alabama Deed Records, Vol. D, pg. 278, Marengo C ounty
Deed Records, Vol. C, pg. 10, Vol. D, pg. 17; Cemetery Records, Asbu ry
Cemetery, Smith County, Texas; Mary E. O'Quin, affidavit, Muskogee, Cre ek
Nation, Indian Territory, March 19. 1903, MCR File 7124, Bureau of Indi an
Affairs, Muskogee, Oklahoma;  Department of the Interior, Office of Ind ian
Affairs correspondence between A.C. Tonner, Acting Commissioner for t he Dawes
Commission, and the Secretary of the Interior, April 29, 1904; re f. Land
25846-1904-Oklahoma Historical Society; Census; Appendix, Some des cendants of
Margaret McCoy Thompson, Files MCR 341 and 7124, Bureau of Ind ian Affairs,
Muskogee, Oklahoma, September 21,1899; LWT Alexander Thomps on July 20, 1824;
Smith County Probate Records, Probate Minutes B-1, pp. 40-41.
Return to Archibald THOMPSON

Notes for Archibald THOMPSON

Note: This person is quite often confused with Archibald Thompson, son of Henry
Butt Thompson and Margaret McCoy. Henry the son of John and Alsey (Butt)
Return to Archibald THOMPSON

Notes for Archibald Butt THOMPSON

From Imogean McDonald: A. B. Tompson signed the 1812 War Pension applicati on
of Mary Crowder Shinpock. I believe A. B. to be Archable. In the 1870 R osebud
Arkansas Census, M. Shinpock age 78 female, was living in househo ld # 16.  A.
B. Thompson age 35 white male, born AL, was living in househo ld # 17. He had
in his household: M. age 33, born AL; A. (female) age 1 4; E. (female) age 12;
a female age 10, a female age 6, and a female age 3 .

5 March 1860 - Certificate 4961 - Archibald Thompson of Sebastian Count y,
Arkansas, Land Office at Clarksville, obtained the S 1/2 of Section 2 2,
Township 7 North of Range 30 West in the District of Lands subject to s ale at
Clarksville, Arkansas containing Three hundred and Twenty Acres (32 0). Signed
James Buchanan President of the United States of America. --GLO Records

1860 - Spring Hill, Arkansas (County??) Family #768 - A. B. Thompson age 2 3,
born AL and his family, which included the young couple John Riley a ge 20,
born MS and Mary E. age 18, born SC. (Who was this Mary E.)? -- Fam ily # 773
was John Duncan Thompson, Jr. with wife Narcissis and their 11 m onth old
daughter, Mary C. - Household #782 was John W. Thompson age 24, b orn AL and
his wife Sarah age
23, born MS and their first child, Florence age 2, born AR.

1870 White County, Arkansas (Rosebud) listed A. B. Thompson age 35, bor n, AL,
Farmer, Real estate value $1000.00, personal property $600.00. H is household
was listed as: M. Thompson age 33, female, keeping house, bo rn AL; A. C. age
14; E. (f) age 12; M. (f) age 10; A. A. age 6; S. (f) a ge 3; R. age 4/?. All
children were born in Arkansas. A. B. and his fami ly were listed next door to
his grand-mother Mary Shinpock age 78.
Return to Archibald Butt THOMPSON

Notes for Arthur James THOMPSON

Arthur Thompson was 1/16 Chickasaw and 3/16 Choctaw. Some sources list h is
middle name as Franklin. From D.C. Gideon, Indian Territory...1901, p g. 534
he is listed as Arthur J. Probably Jones or James; Department of t he
Interior, Office of Indian Affairs correspondence between A.C. Tonne r, Acting
Commissioner for the Dawes Commission, and the Secretary of t he Interior,
April 29, 1904; ref. Land 25846-1904-Oklahoma Historical Soci ety
Return to Arthur James THOMPSON

Notes for Arthur M. THOMPSON

Sources:  William C. Thompson, et al. vs. Choctaw Nation, MCR File 341, Bu reau
of Indian Affairs, Muskogee, Oklahoma; 1896 Choctaw Census; Choctaw R oll
Number: 16001, Card Number: 5916; Choctaw Re-instatement list, Departm ent of
the Interior to The Commissioner of the Five Civilized Tribes, Febr uary 20,
Return to Arthur M. THOMPSON

Notes for Artie Leslie THOMPSON

Artie remained around Clairette, Erath County, all his life.  He was a far mer,
a civic  leader, a Mason and he attended the Methodist Church with h is wife,
Myrtle Lee, who was the daughter of a Methodist minister. I neve r, ever heard
him raise his voice to anyone and I have never known a kinde r, more gentle
man.  When his health began to suffer in 1950, he and Myrt le bought the Gulf
Service Station in Clairette.  They bought the hou se on the south side of
Hwy. 6 directly across from the station. Artie dev eloped lung cancer and
lived the last 18 months of his life with one lun g.  He was never, ever heard
to even utter one word about the pain. He di ed on February 14, 1963 in Hico
Return to Artie Leslie THOMPSON

Notes for Balaam THOMPSON

questionable parentage
Return to Balaam THOMPSON

Notes for Bassett Henry THOMPSON

Some sources list his name as Bryant.
Return to Bassett Henry THOMPSON

Notes for Benjamin Douglas THOMPSON

Benjamin Douglas Thompson was born August 27, 1896 in Henderson, Tex as to
Louis Cemore Thompson and Lillian Josie Odom. He moved with the fami ly to
Greer County, Oklahoma when he was about 11 years old.

      Douglas grew up on the Thompson farm near Marie, Oklahoma. He attend ed
school in Marie until it was time to enter high school. The high scho ol in
Marie was not accredited so he rode by horse to school in Brinkma n, Okla.
Later he attended and graduated from Mangum High School, Mangu m, Oklahoma.

      He attended Oklahoma A&M at Stillwater, Oklahoma for one year. (At o ne
time, I had a year book from that year, but have since lost it. I remem ber
that Chester A. Gould, creator of the comic strip, Dick Tracy, was a c
lassmate, and the yearbook was filled with cartoons and captions by Goul d. -

      He moved to Norman, Oklahoma during his second year to study pharma cy
but soon changed to medicine. He graduated from the University of Oklah oma
Medical School as a medical doctor.

      He moved to Houston, Texas where he established a practice. He lat er
owned his own medical building. He died of a heart attack at the a ge of 85.
Return to Benjamin Douglas THOMPSON

Notes for Benjamin Franklin THOMPSON

Sources: 1817-19 Reservations: May 14, 1818, #78, head of Hiwassee Rive r, 3 in
1835 Cherokee Census roll: Salequoyah Creek, GA; The Story Of Craig Coun ty
Its People And Places Vol. 2,  Page 283-284 Section F455; Thompson a nd
Edmundson Family Farm, by Dr. W.O. Edmundson.

THOMPSON TIMBER INTERESTS. Three generations of Thompsons active in the lu
mber industryqv in Texas included Benjamin Franklin Thompson, the fir st of
the clan in Texas; his sons, John Martin and William Wirt Thompso n; and John
Martin Thompson'sqv sons, James A., Benjamin F., William P ., J. Lewis,
Alexander, and Hoxie H. Thompson. The Thompson enterprises be gan in 1852,
when B. F. Thompson and his two sons erected a sash mill ne ar Kilgore. They
built two circular sawmills before the Civil Warqv and an other immediately
after the war. After the death of W. W. Thompson in 187 4, J. M. Thompson took
in a partner, Henry Tucker, and carried on the busi ness with the aim of
gradually bringing in his sons. Of his sons the mo st active in the business
were J. Lewis, Alexander, and Hoxie. During t he late nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries the Thompsons built the ir empire in timber through a
series of sound business decisions. In 18 81 they moved their operations to
Willard in order to market lumber via t he Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway.
They facilitated their marketing wi th connections by partnership to retail
lumberyards. They organized a coll ection of corporate vehicles-including the
Thompson and Tucker Lumber Comp any, the J. M. Thompson Lumber Company, the
Thompson Brothers Lumber Compa ny, and the Thompson and Ford Lumber Company-to
hold their interests. Mo st important, they acquired timberland and built
mills, and their interes ts sprawled across East Texas. By 1907 their
companies owned 149,736 acr es of land and operated mills at Willard,
Doucette, and Grayburg. From 19 06 on, they managed their interests from
corporate offices in Houston.

The panic of 1907 struck the expanding company hard. With reorganizati on of
management, deferment of expansion, and infusions of capital fr om a retail
lumberman named Ben Foster in Kansas City, the Thompsons survi ved the panic,
retrenched, and resumed expansion by building new mil ls at New Willard and
Trinity. The panic caused them, however, to rethi nk their operations and to
make provision for future exigencies. They fenc ed thousands of acres of
cut-over lands, set up a cattle company to use th em, and established a
demonstration farm on them, in order to facilitate s ales of such lands to
ranchers and farmers. The Thompsons also, in calcula ted fashion, separated
the functions of ownership of lands and cutti ng of lumber. They turned
lumbering operations over to two new compani es in which they held interests,
the Texas Long Leaf Lumber Company and t he Rock Creek Lumber Company, and
converted their older companies into la nd companies. In keeping with these
policies, when the Thompsons bought 89 ,000 additional acres of timberland in
Houston and Trinity counties in 191 4, they cut none of the timber themselves
but organized the Houston Coun ty Timber Company to hold the lands. In short,
the Thompsons withdrew fr om lumbering and pursued other interests. J. Lewis
and Alexander embark ed upon careers in banking, and Hoxie took care of the
brothers' land inte rests. In managing the land interests of the Thompsons,
Hoxie Thompson pur sued a twofold plan. First he sought to sell off cut-over
lands as expedit iously as possible. The outstanding example of this occurred
in 1936, wh en he sold 94,126 acres to the United States Forest Service for
$12. 50 an acre; these lands subsequently formed a large part of the Davy
Crock ett National Forest.qv His second concern was to keep mineral interes ts
in land where he was disposing of surface rights. Consequently, duri ng the
1930s and thereafter, despite the depression in the lumber busines s, the
Thompsons remained prosperous through oil and gas leases. Meanwhil e, by 1950
Hoxie had sold nearly all the Thompson lands.

The Thompsons had the reputation of being more humane and conservation-min ded
than other pioneer lumbermen of East Texas. Their policies toward empl oyees,
however, were largely typical of those in the regional lumber indus try. Their
companies paid average wages, and employees lived in typical co mpany towns.
The Thompsons did, however, make a greater effort than oth er companies to pay
wages in cash instead of scrip. Nor did the Thompson c ompanies exhibit
particularly enlightened policies in conservation. They p racticed selective
cutting at a time when few others in the industry did b ecause they owned
their own timberlands and wanted to handle them prudentl y. They never
reforested their cut-over lands but disposed of them. Howeve r, as president
of the Texas Forestry Associationqv from 1942 to 1944, Hox ie Thompson did
speak out for reforestation and other conservation practic es, to the
long-term good of the industry.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Thomas D. Isern and Raymond Wilson, "Lone Star: The Thomps on
Timber Interests of Texas," Red River Valley Historical Review 7 (Fa ll 1981).
Robert S. Maxwell, "The Thompsons, Lumbering Clan," Texas Forest ry,
January-February 1966. Robert S. Maxwell and Robert D. Baker, Sawdu st Empire:
The Texas Lumber Industry, 1830-1940 (College Station: Texas A &M University
Press, 1983).

Thomas D. Isern

Note: LDS OGFN: 521083837 Ref

Slave Narratives of those with ties to the Thompson's:
Name: Johnson Thompson
Post Office: Fort Gibson, Oklahoma
Residence Address:
Date of Birth:  December 1863
Place of Birth:  Rusk County, Texas

I was born in December 1863 in Rusk County, Texas. My people moved to Tex as
during the Civil War. They were owned once by the Harnages, then by t he
Thompsons. At one time they were owned by Chief Lowery.

My father came back to Fort Gibson and settled five miles east and two mil es
north of that place. It is just a quarter of a mile north of where I n ow
live. My mother died while we were in Texas.

In 1867 there was a cholera epidemic. The government moved us Negroes o ut to
Four Mile Creek. When the first one died, Russell Vann selected a si te for a
cemetery. The cemetery is still in use.

I remember old Mrs. Thompson and remember playing around her place wh en I was
very small. My father fiddled for Mrs. Thompson who had an eati ng place. I
knew old Mrs. Colston who had a place next to Houston Benge.

I remember when this ground around here was all prairie grass and wax wee ds
(wax weed was a tall weed with yellow flowers). At seeding time it wou ld hide
a rider on a horse. There were very few trees around here then ( he referred
to the country surrounding him, which was covered with trees a nd small
shrubs). The land has all been cultivated or cattle have r un on it and
stomped out the prairie grass. Also persimmons and small shru bs have helped
choke it out. I remember once my father went out and kill ed four deer. He
came back home and got the wagon and went after the m. He sold the skins and
hams at Fort Gibson. Also, he gave a big pa rt of the meat to neighbors.

When I was a boy I worked for Bill Baker who was the head cook at the For t. I
scrubbed knives and forks and fanned the flies off the tables while t he
officers eat. After working there I worked for Tom Still who ran a hote l. I
scrubbed knives and forks there and kept the flies off the table at m ealtime.
I also used to work for Allen Wilson who had the first mill for m aking
molasses. It was made out of wooden rollers and I used to feed in t he sorghum

The stores there then were Bushyhead’s, Danniel Gunter’s and McClendon’ s.
Henry Meigs used to be postmaster and Mr. Percival used to buy hay. M r.
Dennis Bushyhead used to live where Mark Anderson lives now. It was nor th of
the Thompson place.

There used to be houses just south of the old barracks, where the soldie rs
and their wives lived. Also, laundry women lived in these houses. The h ouses
were made out of split logs placed straight up for walls, with the s plit side
for the inner wall.

Most of the rock for the wall of the National Cemetery were gotten on t he
hills right around my house (where he now lives.) I helped quarry the r ocks
for the barn in the cemetery. An old Irishman had the contract for t he barn
and stayed at our house for several days until he could learn us j ust how he
wanted the rock quarried. The quarry was about one mile ea st of our place.

I stayed with Florene Nash, a merchant in Fort Gibson, for about ten year s. I
worked in the bottoms farming and clearing land or anything that w as to be
done. Nash had a colored clerk, William Hudson, in his stor e. At another
time, Hudson worked for Captain Hayner in his saloon, whi ch was run for the
soldiers, white people and colored people. No Indians w ere sold anything out
of the saloon.

Altho my father was a Cherokee Freedman he did not get an allotment. Jo hn
Thornton, a colored man, was appointed a kind of census taker, or somet hing,
to point out who came to the country before 1866. John Thornton a nd my father
had had a falling out up close to Gibson Station one time wh en they were
cutting hay. On account of the quarrel, Thornton said th at my father came to
the country just two days too late to be entitl ed to an allotment. When I was
a young man, I married Mary Nevin’s daughte r. I don’t remember the date.
Return to Benjamin Franklin THOMPSON

Notes for Benjamin Franklin THOMPSON

1851 Drennan roll: Delaware, 1047
Return to Benjamin Franklin THOMPSON

Notes for Benjamin Robert THOMPSON

CAUTIONARY NOTE: Link her not proven, may ba a grandson of James. More res
earch will need to be done to positively prove link. Some suggestions is t hat
he is a descendant of John (Theophilus) by another heretofore unkno wn son or
grandson. No additional data to support this. JCT6/10/00
Return to Benjamin Robert THOMPSON

Notes for Bertha Martha THOMPSON

Charles Smith
spells her first name Burtha.
Return to Bertha Martha THOMPSON