Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca Murdered at Renfrew, Scotland by his nephew, Maurice mac Neil; The name ' Somerled' means: 'Summer sailor'; 'Regulus' is a ruler or thane; Descenda nt of Clan Conn and Clan Cholla and the royal house of Dalriada (Argyll ); He and his father were forced by the Scandinavians into exile in Ferman agh, Ireland where with the help of Clan Cholla they returned to Argyll; c a. 1130, Returned to Argyll with the help of relatives of the Clan Choll a; ca. 1130, Was in refuge in the caves of Morven when he was asked by t he Clan Innes to become the new warlord against the Norsemen; ca. 1140, Pl otted with cousin Maurice MacNeill, a shipwright to overthrow Olaf of M an (Maurice's foster brother) and to wed Olaf's daughter Ragnhilda; Olaf a llied with Somerled and they killed King Godfrey of Man by putting out h is eyes; 1140, Defeated King Godfrey of Man, Ragnhilda's 1st cousin and po ssessed the whole kingdom of Man & the Isles; 6 January 1156, Defeated God red of Man, son of Olaf and Somerled's brother-in-law and they divid ed up the Isles between thenselves; Somerled received all the Isles sou th of Ardnamurchan; 1158, Deposed Godred of Man and expelled the Norsem en from the Western Isles which gained independence for southwest Scotla nd for 4 centuries; he took the title 'Regulus of Argyll' at this time; c a. 1164, Warred against King Malcolm, IV of Scotland who plotted his dea th by treachery at Renfrew, Scotland; Married twice; had 2 unions betwe en his marriages which produced illegitimate children
Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca A.k.a: Gillebride Na H'Uaimh / Gillebride Rig eilean shider; 'Gillebri de Na H'Uaimh' means: 'Gillebride of the cave'; later he was known as 'Gil lebride Rig eilean shider' which means; 'King of the South Isles'; Driv en from the Isles by Scandinavians and took refuge in Ireland; He attempt ed to expell the invaders but was forced to Fermanagh, Ireland on the esta te of MacGuire; ca. 1130, He obtained the help of the Irish Clan Cholla a nd landed in Argyll; the expedition failed and he and son Somerled were fo rced to live in the caves of Morven
Source: History of Byzantium Inger which is a Scandinavian name is sited as being evidence that Vikin gs had penetrated into Byzantium already by this date.
King of the Ui Tordelbeighs and Thumond
Notes: Dermod naNGhall: 2nd son of Donoch MacMorough; died 1171; was the 5 8th Christian King of Leinster.[KFH]. It has often been suggested that Dia rmait Mac Murchada (Dermot MacMurrough) earned the sobriquet "Diarma it na nGall" (Dermot of the Foreigners) from the fact that he entered a mi litary alliance with, and gave his daughter Aífe in marriage to, Richa rd de Clare (Strongbow), but it is more probable that the cognomen refe rs to the fact that he asserted control over the Hiberno-Norse kingd om of Dublin. Despite his negative posthumous reputation as the catalyst f or Norman rule in Ireland, Diarmait was roundly praised by contemporary ac counts as a great patron of church reform, having endowed the Cistercian a bbey of Baltinglass. This act moved St. Bernard of Clairvaux to write a le tter of commendation to Diarmait. Additional Notes: In 1166 AD King Diarmait MacMurchada of Leinster was exp elled from his land by allies of the King of Tara Ruaidrí Ua Conchobhair ( Rory O'Conor). Diarmait fled to Bristol and from there to London, whe re he swore homage to Henry II of England in return for permission to recr uit a mercenary army to restore him to his throne. He recruited The Ea rl of Pembroke (otherwise known as Strongbow or Richard FitzGilbert de Cla re) and his knights (Maurice FitzGerald, Robert FitzStephen, Meiler FitzHe nry, and Robert de Barry), who were getting a difficult time from the Cel ts of southern Wales (whom they were trying to subdue). The promise of ri ch reward lay across the sea in Leinster. Thus the introduction of the Nor man English outside of Dublin, and the beginning of the conflict between N orman and Gaelic Lord. Here too is the supposed entrance of knights into I reland. I contend that they already existed long before the arrival of Str ongbow and his men.
Donoch MacMorough: the third son of Murcha; was King of Dublin and the 56 th Christian King of Leinster; slain in 1115 by Donal O'Brien and the Dan es at Dublin.
Irish History During Period The Northern Ui Neill were divided into two main branches, Cenel Conaill a nd Cenel nEoghain. Cenel Conaill were the more powerful from the late six th to the middle seventh century, with Flaithbertach mac Loingsig abdocati ng the overkingship of the Ui Neill in 734 A.D. The Cenel nEoghain next do minated and by the late eighth century had expanded southwards and eastwar ds from Inishowen and Derry across the mid-Ulster plain and slowly broug ht the minor kingdoms ruled by the Airgialla under their control. The Ula id in the east and Cenel Conaill in the west remained bitterly hosti le to the dominant Cenel nEogain. The Southern Ui Neill were divided into two major rival branches, the S il nAeda Slaine and Clann Cholmain, and they dominated the lands of Meat h, Westmeath and other parts of surrounding counties. The Sil nAeda Slai ne were very powerful in the seventh century. The annals record the slayi ng of Finsnechta Fledach macDunchada, king of the Sil nAedo Slane, by h is rivals the Fir Chul of the Luigne of Brega (Tara). Clann Cholmain manag ed to take the overlordship of the Ui Neill in 743. In the mid-ninth centu ry their king claimed to be king of Ireland. In the eighth century Leinster (Laigin) was ruled by the Ui Dunlainge. Th ey had other rivals to the south of them, the Ui Chennselaig. The Ui Nei ll pursued a long struggle with the Laigin and by 800 came to dominate nor thern Leinster. East Leinster was ruled by the Ui Cellaig Cualann in the s eventh and eighth centuries. The Eoganacht ruled Munster from the seventh to the mid-tenth century. Pri or to that the Erainn or their descendants, the Corca Loigde, ruled in Mun ster. The eastern branches of the Eoganacht, located at Cashel and Glanwor th, began to dominate from about 700 A.D. Eoganacht power began to crumb le in the late ninth and early tenth centuries and their place was tak en by the Dal Cais, whose power rose from north Munster (Thomond) in the m id-tenth century. The two dominant Connacht dynasties were the Ui Fiachrach and Ui Briuin, a nd both claimed to be cousins of the Ui Neill. Ui Fiachrach had two main b ranches, one in the north (Muaide) and the other in the south (Aidne). T he southern branch dominated Connacht and much of north Munster in the sev enth century. Ui Briuin emerged in the seventh century, and their expansi on in the eighth century was fast, Ui Fiachrach lost ground rapidly, a nd by about 725 Ui Briuin were the dominant dynasty in Connacht. A bran ch pushed north and east to establish the kingdom of Ui Briuin Breifne aro und 766 on the frontiers of the Ui Neill in the territory of the Conmaic ne Rein, eventually driving a wedge between their two great branches. In t he twelfth century the Ui Briuin were dominant in Ireland. In the late eighth and early ninth centuries, raids by the Vikings bega n. These Vikings were mainly Norwegians and by the mid ninth century had e stablished a foothold in Dublin. Other Viking raiding camps included Water ford, Youghal, Wexford, Cork and Limerick. A second period of intensifi ed Viking raids began in the early-mid tenth century as settlements beg an to be established. Excerpts from the Annals 657 AD - The first year of Diarmaid and Blathmac, two sons of Aedh Slain e, son of Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, in the sovereignty of Irel and. 660 AD - A battle was gained at Ogamhain, at Ceann Corbadain, by the peop le of Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, namely, Onchu, son of Saran, Maelmilch on, and Cathasach, son of Eimhin, over Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, in wh ich were slain Conaing, son of Conall, son of Aedh Slaine; Ulltan, s on of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta; Ceannfaeladh, son of Geirtidi, chi ef of Cianachta Arda; and Faelchu, son of Maelumha. Also in this year Maenach, son of Finghin, King of Munster, died. Maeldui n, son of Furadhran, chief of Durlas, died. Maelfuataigh, son of Ernain e, chief of Cianachta, was slain. 664 AD - After Diarmaid and Blathmac, the two sons of Aedh Slaine, had be en eight years in the sovereignty of Ireland, they died of the same plagu e, called the Buidhe Connail, which killed a number of venerable saints a nd thousands of people. Seachnasach, son of Blathmac, became the new sover eign of Ireland. 665 AD - Maelcaeich, son of Scannal, chief of the Cruithne of Dal Araid he of the race of Ir, died; Eochaidh Iarlaidh, King of the Cruithne, al so died! Maelduin, son of Scannal, chief of Cinel Coirbre, died. Duibhinnr eacht, son of Dunchadh, chief of Ui Briuin, died. Faelan, son of Colman, K ing of Leinster, died. 666 AD - The battle of Aine, between the Aradha and Ui Fidhgeinte, where E oghan, son of Crunnmael, was slain. In this year Bran Finn, son of Maeloch traigh, chief of the Deisi of Munster, was slain. 668 AD - Maelfothartaigh, son of Suibhne, chief of Cinel Tuirtre, die d. In the following year Bran Finn, son of Maelochtraigh, chief of Deisi M umhan died. 669 AD - After Seachnasach, son of Blathmac, had been five years in sovere ignty over Ireland, he was slain by Dubhduin, chief of Cinel Cairbre. He w as succeeded by Ceannfaeladh, son of Blathmac, in the sovereignty of Irela nd. 670 AD - Dungal, son of Maeltuile, chief of Cinel Boghaine, was slain by L oingseach, son of Aenghus, chief of Cinel Conaill. Two year later Scannla n, son of Fingin, chief of Ui Meith, died. 673 AD - After Ceannfaeladh, son of Blathmac, son of Diarmaid, had been fo ur years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Finnachta Fleadhac h, in the battle of Aircealtair, at Tigh Ua Maine. He was succeeded by Fin nachta Fleadhach, son of Dunchadh, in sovereignty over Ireland. 678 AD - Fianamhail, son of Maeltuile, King of Leinster, was mortally woun ded by Foicseachan, one of his own people, at the instigation of Finshneac hta Fleadhach. 679 AD - Dunghal, son of Scannal, chief of the Cruithni, and Ceannfaelad h, son of Suibhne, chief of Cianachta Glinne Geimhin, were burned by Maeld uin, son of Maelfithrigh, at Dun Ceithirn. 680 AD - Ceannfaeladh, son of Colgan, King of Connaught, was slain. Ulc ha Dearg Redbeard Ua Caillidhe, one of the Conmaicne Cuile, was the pers on that killed him. The battle of Rath Mor Maighe Line was gained over t he Britons, wherein were slain Cathasach, son of Maelduin, chief of the Cr uithni Dal Araidhe, and Ultan, son of Dicolla. 683 - The devastation of Magh Breagh, both churches and territories, by t he North Saxons, in the month of June precisely; and they carried off wi th them many hostages from every place which they left, throughout Magh Br eagh, together with many other spoils, and afterwards went to their ships. Also.. Breasal, son of Fearghus, chief of Cobha, died. 686 AD - The battle of Imleach Phich was fought by Niall, son of Cearna ch Sotal, against Congalach, son of Conaing, wherein were slain Dubhdainbh er, chief of Ard Cianachta, and Uaircridhe Ua Oisene, chief of Conaille Mu irtheimhne; and the battle was afterwards gained over Congalach. 689 AD - Fearghus, son of Lodan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Ui Eachd hach people of Iveagh. 693 AD - After Finachta Fleadhach, son of Dunchadh, had been twenty yea rs in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Aedh, son of Dluthach, s on of Ailill, son of Aedh Slaine, chief of Feara Cul, and Congalach, s on of Conaing, son of Congal, son of Aedh Slaine, in a battle at Grealla ch Dollaith. Breasal, son of Finachta, also fell in this battle along wi th his father. Finachta was succeeded by Loingseach, son of Aenghus, in t he sovereignty of Ireland. 694 AD - Fearghal Aidhne, King of Connaught, died; he was the son of Guai re Aidhne. 695 AD - The devastation of Magh Muirtheimhne by the Britons and Ulidians. 696 AD - A battle was fought at Tulach Garraisg, in Fearnmhagh, wherein we re slain Conchobhar Macha, son of Maelduin, chief of the Airtheara Orior s, and Aedh Aired, chief of Dal Araidhe. 698 AD - Fianamhail Ua Dunchadha, chief of Dal Riada, and Flann, son of Ce annfaeladh, son of Suibhne, chief of Cinel Eoghain, were slain. Aurthui le Ua Crunnmaeil, chief of Cinel Eoghain, was driven from his chieftain ry into Britain. 700 AD - Muireadhach of Magh Aei, King of Connaught, son of Fearghus, fr om whom are the Sil Muireadhaigh, died. 701 AD - After Loingseach, son of Aenghus, son of Domhnall, had been eig ht years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain in the battle of Cora nn, by Ceallach of Loch Cime, the son of Raghallach. There were slain al so his three sons along with him, Artghal, Connachtach, and Flann Gearg. T here were also slain there the two sons of Colcen, and Dubhdibhearg, s on of Dunghal, and Fearghus Forcraith, and Conall Gabhra, and other noblem en besides them. Loingseach was succeeded by Congal of Ceann Maghair, s on of Fearghus of Fanaid, in sovereignty over Ireland. 702 AD - A battle was fought at Claen Ath by Ceallach Cualann, against Fog artach Ua Cearnaigh, who was afiterwards King of Ireland, wherein Bodhbhch adh of Meath, son of Diarmaid, was slain, and Fogartach was defeated. 705 ad - Inreachtach, son of Dunchadh Muirisce, King of the tripartite Con naught, was slain by Fearghal, son of Maelduin, and Fearghal, son of Loing seach, son of Aenghus, and Conall Meann, chief of Cinel Cairbre. In this year The battle of Leathairbhe was gained by Congal, son of Feargh us Fanad, over the Cinel Eoghain, where Maelduin, son of Maelfithrigh, Lo rd of the Cinel Eoghain, was slain. 706 - Cucuaran, King of the Cruithni and of Ulidia, was killed by Finnc hu hUa Ronain. 708 AD - After Congal of Ceann Maghair, son of Fearghus Fanad, had been se ven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died of one hour's sicknes s. He was succeeded by Fearghal, son of Maelduin, son of Maelfithrig h, in sovereignty over Ireland. 710 AD - The battle of Carn Fearadhaigh by the northern Des, wherein Corma c, son of Finghin, King of Munster, was slain. 712 AD- A battle was fought between the two sons of Beg Boirche and the so ns of Breasal, chiefs of Ui Eathach Uladh Iveagh; and the victory was gain ed over the sons of Breasal. 713 AD - Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Airmeadhach Caech, chi ef of Ui Neill of Clann Colmain, was slain by Conall Grant Ua Cearnaigh. 717 AD - A battle was fought between the Connaughtmen and the Corca Baisci nn, wherein the son of Talamhnaigh was slain. 718 AD - After Fearghal, son of Maelduin, son of Maelfithrigh, had been t en years in sovereignty over Ireland, he was slain in the battle of Almhai n, by Dunchadh, son of Murchadh, and Aedh, son of Colgan, an heir presumpt ive to the sovereignty. The number which the race of Conn brought to th is battle was twenty one thousand, and the number brought by the Leinsterm en was nine thousand. The following were the chieftains and leaders of Leath Chuinn who fe ll in this battle together with Fearghal: Conall Menn, chief of Cinel Cair bre; Forbasach, chief of Cinel Boghaine; Fearghal Ua Aitheachdae; Feargha l, son of Eochaidh Leamhna, chief of Tamhnach; Connalach, son of Conain g; and Egnech, son of Colgan, chief of the Airthera (the Oriors); Coibhdea nach, son of Fiachra; Muirghius, son of Conall; Leathaitheach, son of Conc arat; Anmchaidh, son of Concharat; Aedhgen Ua Mathghamhnae; Nuada, s on of Eirc, chief of Gull and Irgull; and ten of the race of Maelfithrig h. These were the losses of the chieftains and leaders of the North. The l osses of the South were: Flann, son of Raghallach; Aileall, son of Fearadh ach; Suibhne, son of Congalach; Aedh Laighean Ua Cearnaigh; Nia, son of Co rmac; Dubhdachrich, son of Dubhdainbher; Aileall, son of Conall Grant; Fla itheamhail, son of Dluthach; Fearghus Ua Eoghain. One hundred and six ty of Fearghal's satellites, and numbers of others, were slain besides the se nobles. Nine was the number of persons that died with panic and luna cy from this battle. Seven thousand was the number that fell on both sid es between them. Inrachtach, son of Dunchadh Muirisce, King of Connaugh t, died in that battle of Almhain, if true. 719 AD - Fogartach, son of Niall, son of Cearnach Sotal, was in the sovere ignty of Ireland this year, until he fell in the battle of Delgean, by Cin aeth, son of Irgalach. He was succeeded by Cinaeth, son of Irgalach, s on of Conaing Cuirri, in the sovereignty of Ireland. The next year Ulid ia was taken possession of by Cinaeth, son of Congalach. 721 AD - The battle of Druim Fornocht was fought by Flaithbheartach, s on of Loingseach, and the Cinel Conaill, against Aedh Allan, son of Feargh al, and the Cinel Eoghain. Aedh Allan was defeated. These chieftains we re slain on the side of Aedh, namely Flann, son of Erthaile, and Snedgus D earg Ua Brachaidhe. 722 AD - After Cinaeth, son of Irgalach, had been three years in sovereign ty over Ireland, he fell in the battle of Druim Corcrain, by Flaithbhearta ch, son of Loingseach. Flaithbheartach, son of Loingseach, son of Aenghu s, succeeded in sovereignty over Ireland. 727 AD - A battle was fought between Aedh, son of Fearghal, and the Cin el Conaill, at Magh Itha, where Conaing, son of Congal, son of Fearghus, a nd many others of the Cinel Eoghain, were slain. The following year a batt le was fought in Magh Itha, between the sons of Loingseach, son of Aenghu s, and the sons of Fearghal, son of Maelduin, where numbers of the Cinel E oghain were slain. 728 AD - Flaithbheartach sent for a marine fleet of Dal Riada to Irelan d, and on their arrival they made no delay till they arrived in Inis hOina e; and there was a battle fought between Flaithbheartach with his guards a nd the Cianachta, and others of the Ulidians and the Cinel Eoghain; a nd a countless number of the Ulidians, Cinel Eoghain, and Cianachta, we re cut off, together with Conchubhar, son of Loichene, and Branchu, s on of Bran; and a countless number of them was drowned in the Banna, aft er their having been defeated. Also... Taichleach son of Cenn Faeladh, Lord of Luigne, died. And Reachtab hra grandson of Cathasach, Lord of Ui Thuirtre, died. 729 AD - After Flaithbheartach, son of Loingseach, son of Aenghus, had be en seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died at Ard Macha Armag h, having resigned his kingdom for a monastic life. He was succeeded by Ae dh Allan, son of Fearghal, son of Maelduin, over Ireland. 730 AD - The battle of Bealach Ele was fought between Cathal, son of Fingu ine, King of Munster, and the Leinstermen, where many of the Leinstermen w ere slain. There fell of the Munstermen here Ceallach, son of Faelchair, c hief of Osraighe (Ossory), and the two sons of Cormac, son of Rossa, chi ef of the Deisi, with three thousand along with them. Also in this year Airechtach, grandson of Dunchadh Muirsce, chief of Ui Fi achrach, died. 732 AD - A battle was fought between two parties of the race of Aedh Slain e, wherein Cathal, son of Aedh was slain, on the east side of Lic Ailbh e, by Conaing, son of Amhalgaidh. Also.. The battle of Fochart, in Magh Muirtheimhne was fought by Aedh All an and the Clanna Neill of the North, against the Ulidians, where Aedh Roi n, King of Ulidia, was slain; and his head was cut off on Cloch An Chommai gh, in the doorway of the church of Fochard; and Conchadh, son of Cuanac h, chief of Cobha, was also slain, and many others along with him. The cau se of this battle was the profanation of Cill Cunna by Ua Seghain, o ne of the people of Aedh Roin, of which Aedh Roin himself said: `I will n ot take its Conn from Tairr,' for Ceall Cunna and Ceall Tairre are si de by side. Also.. Fiangalach, son of Murchadh, chief of Ui Mail, died. 733 AD - Aedh Allan, King of Ireland, assembled the forces of Leath Chuin n, to proceed into Leinster; and he arrived at Ath Seanaith. The Leinsterm en collected the greatest number they were able, to defend his right again st him. A fierce battle was fought between them. The king, Aedh Allan hims elf; went into the battle, and the chieftains of the North along with hi m. The chieftains of Leinster came with their kings into the battle; and b loodily and heroically was the battle fought between them both. Heroes we re slaughtered, and bodies were mutilated. Aedh Allan, and Aedh, son of Co lgan, King of Leinster, met each other in single combat; and Aedh, s on of Colgan, was slain by Aedh Allan. The Leinstermen were killed, slaugh tered, cut off, and dreadfully exterminated, in this battle, so that the re escaped of them but a small remnant, and a few fugitives. The followi ng were the leaders and chieftains of the Leinstermen who fell, namely: Ae dh, son of Colgan, King of Ui Ceinnsealaigh; Bran Beg, son of Murchadh, t he second king who was over the Leinstermen; Fearghus, son of Maenach, a nd Dubhdacrich, two lords of Fotharta; the son of Ua Ceallaigh; the s on of Trian; Fiangalach Ua Maeleaithgin; Conall Ua Aithechdai; the four so ns of Flann Ua Conghaile; Eladhach Ua Maeluidhir; and many others, wh om it would be tedious to enumerate. The people of Leath Chuinn were joyo us after this victory, for they had wreaked their vengeance and their anim osity upon the Leinstermen. Nine thousand was the number of them that w as slain. 734 - Ailill, son of Tuathal, Lord of Ui Crimhthainn, died. 737 - The devastation of Cinel Fiachach and of Dealbhna by the Osraigh e. In the same year Flann Feorna, Lord of Corc Modhruadh, died. Also, Artr ach, son of Aitheachda, Lord of Ui Meith, died. 738 - Aedh Allan, son of Maelduin, fell in the battle of Magh Seirigh (i. e. Ceanannus), between the two Teabhthas, by Domhnall, son of Murchadh, af ter having been nine years in the sovereignty of Ireland. There were al so slain in the same battle Cumascach, son of Conchubhar, Lord of the Airt heara (the Oriors); Maenach, son of Connalach, Lord of Ui Creamhthainn; a nd Muireadhach, son of Fearghus Forcraidh, Lord of Ui Tuirtre. In the same year Dubhdothra, Lord of Ui Briuin Cualann, was mortally wound ed. 739 AD - The first year of Domhnall, son of Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, ov er Ireland; he was the first king of the Clann Colmain. 742 AD - Aedh Muindearg, son of Flaithbheartach, lord of Tuaisceart, die d. Also Seachnasach, son of Colgan, King of South Leinster, died. Also Dun laing, son of Dunchu, lord of Cinel Ardghail, died. A year later Congal, s on of Eigneach, lord of the Airtheara (the Oriors), was slain at Rath Escl air, by Donnboo, son of Cubreatan. 745 AD - Cathal Maenmaighe, Lord of Ui Maine, died. Blathmhac, son of Coib hdeanach, Lord of Muscraighe, died. Dubhdabhoireann, Lord of Ui Fidhgeint e, died. Anmchaidh, chief of Ui Liathain, died. Fiachra, son of Ailene, lo rd of Mughdhorna, was killed. 746 AD - Flann grandson of Conghal, Lord of Ui Foilge, died. Fearghus s on of Fogartach, Lord of Southern Brega, died. Muirghius son of Fearghu s, Lord of the Deisi, died. Flann Foirtrea, Lord of Corco Laigde, died. 747 AD - Conaing Ua Duibhduin, lord of Cairbre Teabhtha, died. Foidmean n, son of Fallach, chief of Conaille Muirtheimhne, died. Flaithbheartac h, son of Conall Meann, chief of Cinel Cairbre, died. Flann, son of Cealla ch, lord of Muscraighe (Muskerry), died. 749 AD - The battle of Ard Naescan, between the Ui Briuin and Cinel Cairbr e, wherein many were slain. Also in this year Flann, son of Conchubhar, lo rd of Magh Ai, died. The devastation of Fotharta Fea by the men of Osraig he (Ossory). Cathasach, son of Ailell, King of Ulidia, was slain at Rath B ethech. 751 AD - The battle of Bealach Cro was gained by Crimhthann over the Dealb hna of Ui Maine, in which was slain Finn, son of Arbh, Lord of Dealbhn a, at Tibra Finn, and the Dealbhna were slaughtered about him. From this a re named Lochan Bealaigh Cro, and Tibra Finn. The Ui Maine were contendi ng with them for the cantred between the Suca (the River Suck) and the Sin ainn (the River Shannon), for this was called the cantred of Dealbhna.
Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca His name means: 'the foreigner'; Son by possible handfast marriage; he w as not considered an heir of Somerled; Inherited land on the mainland of S cotland from his father.
Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca Credit to Malcom MacQueen, author of "Skye Pioneers of the Island" for h is research into the earliest MacDonald descendants in Skye, Scotland. Dri ven from the Isles by Scandinavians and took refuge in Ireland.
Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca Killed by his nephew Dhomhuill mac Ranald over a dispute in ownership of M ull. Had most of his children by the daughter of Muchdanach, Chief of Ardn amurchan and Moidart Progenitor of the Clan MacDougall 1192, After his father's death, he inherited Lorne (from the head of Lo ch Leven to Asknish on Loch Fyne ) with the strongholds of Dunollie and Du nstaffnage, the islands of Jura, Coll and Tiree, and a disputed claim to M ull; Quarrelled with Ranald his brother over the possesion of the Is le of Man after the death of their father; Aft. 1207, Went with nephew Dho mnhuill mac Ranald to visit King Magnus in Norway to have his land righ ts to confirmed; His descendants styled themselves 'de Ergadia' (of Argyl l) with the title of 'king' after the Norse fashion (so that in this peri od there were several 'Kings of the Isles'); they are later referr ed to as the MacDougalls of Lorne
Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre - patlelievre@@yahoo.ca ca. 1031 He has also been identified as "Iehmare" as one of the Kings w ho submitted to Canute
Cherokee Dawes Roll Enrollment No. 5659, Census 2191
Was elected in 1808 by 122 to 47 electoral votes over Charles Pinckney. Wa s reelected in 1812 by 128 to 89 electoral votes over De Witt Clinton. Durin g his first term 1809-1812 George Clinton served as vice-president; during h is second 1813-1814 Elbridge Gerry. From 1814 to 1817 the speaker of the Hous e of Representatives served as vice-president. James Madison First Inaugural Address Saturday, March 4, 1809 Chief Justice John Marshall administered the oath of office in the Ha ll of the House of Representatives (now National Statuary Hall). Subsequen tly the oath by Presidents-elect, with few exceptions, was taken in the Ho use Chamber or in a place of the Capitol associated with the Congre ss as a whole. The Vice Presidential oath of office for most administratio ns was taken in the Senate Chamber. President Jefferson watched the ceremo ny, but he joined the crowd of assembled visitors since he no longer w as an office-holder. The mild March weather drew a crowd of about 10,000 p ersons. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ -- ------ UNWILLING to depart from examples of the most revered authority, I ava il myself of the occasion now presented to express the profound impressi on made on me by the call of my country to the station to the duties of wh ich I am about to pledge myself by the most solemn of sanctions. So distin guished a mark of confidence, proceeding from the deliberate and tranqu il suffrage of a free and virtuous nation, would under any circumstances h ave commanded my gratitude and devotion, as well as filled me with an awf ul sense of the trust to be assumed. Under the various circumstances whi ch give peculiar solemnity to the existing period, I feel that both the ho nor and the responsibility allotted to me are inexpressibly enhanced. The present situation of the world is indeed without a parallel, and th at of our own country full of difficulties. The pressure of these, to o, is the more severely felt because they have fallen upon us at a mome nt when the national prosperity being at a height not before attained, t he contrast resulting from the change has been rendered the more strikin g. Under the benign influence of our republican institutions, and the main tenance of peace with all nations whilst so many of them were engaged in b loody and wasteful wars, the fruits of a just policy were enjoyed in an un rivaled growth of our faculties and resources. Proofs of this were se en in the improvements of agriculture, in the successful enterprises of co mmerce, in the progress of manufacturers and useful arts, in the increa se of the public revenue and the use made of it in reducing the public deb t, and in the valuable works and establishments everywhere multiplying ov er the face of our land. It is a precious reflection that the transition from this prosperous condi tion of our country to the scene which has for some time been distressi ng us is not chargeable on any unwarrantable views, nor, as I trust, on a ny involuntary errors in the public councils. Indulging no passions whi ch trespass on the rights or the repose of other nations, it has been t he true glory of the United States to cultivate peace by observing justic e, and to entitle themselves to the respect of the nations at war by fulfi lling their neutral obligations with the most scrupulous impartialit y. If there be candor in the world, the truth of these assertions will n ot be questioned; posterity at least will do justice to them. This unexceptionable course could not avail against the injustice and viol ence of the belligerent powers. In their rage against each other, or impel led by more direct motives, principles of retaliation have been introduc ed equally contrary to universal reason and acknowledged law. How long the ir arbitrary edicts will be continued in spite of the demonstrations th at not even a pretext for them has been given by the United States, a nd of the fair and liberal attempt to induce a revocation of them, can n ot be anticipated. Assuring myself that under every vicissitude the determ ined spirit and united councils of the nation will be safeguards to its ho nor and its essential interests, I repair to the post assigned me wi th no other discouragement than what springs from my own inadequacy to i ts high duties. If I do not sink under the weight of this deep convicti on it is because I find some support in a consciousness of the purposes a nd a confidence in the principles which I bring with me into this arduo us service. To cherish peace and friendly intercourse with all nations having correspo ndent dispositions; to maintain sincere neutrality toward belligerent nati ons; to prefer in all cases amicable discussion and reasonable accommodati on of differences to a decision of them by an appeal to arms; to exclude f oreign intrigues and foreign partialities, so degrading to all countries a nd so baneful to free ones; to foster a spirit of independence too ju st to invade the rights of others, too proud to surrender our own, too lib eral to indulge unworthy prejudices ourselves and too elevated not to lo ok down upon them in others; to hold the union of the States as the bas is of their peace and happiness; to support the Constitution, which is t he cement of the Union, as well in its limitations as in its authoritie s; to respect the rights and authorities reserved to the States and to t he people as equally incorporated with and essential to the success of t he general system; to avoid the slightest interference with the right of c onscience or the functions of religion, so wisely exempted from civil juri sdiction; to preserve in their full energy the other salutary provisio ns in behalf of private and personal rights, and of the freedom of the pre ss; to observe economy in public expenditures; to liberate the public reso urces by an honorable discharge of the public debts; to keep within the re quisite limits a standing military force, always remembering that an arm ed and trained militia is the firmest bulwark of republicsthat without st anding armies their liberty can never be in danger, nor with large ones sa fe; to promote by authorized means improvements friendly to agricultur e, to manufactures, and to external as well as internal commerce; to fav or in like manner the advancement of science and the diffusion of informat ion as the best aliment to true liberty; to carry on the benevolent pla ns which have been so meritoriously applied to the conversion of our abori ginal neighbors from the degradation and wretchedness of savage li fe to a participation of the improvements of which the human mind and mann ers are susceptible in a civilized stateas far as sentiments and intentio ns such as these can aid the fulfillment of my duty, they will be a resour ce which can not fail me. It is my good fortune, moreover, to have the path in which I am to tread l ighted by examples of illustrious services successfully rendered in the mo st trying difficulties by those who have marched before me. Of tho se of my immediate predecessor it might least become me here to speak. I m ay, however, be pardoned for not suppressing the sympathy with which my he art is full in the rich reward he enjoys in the benedictions of a belov ed country, gratefully bestowed or exalted talents zealously devoted throu gh a long career to the advancement of its highest interest and happiness. But the source to which I look or the aids which alone can supply my defic iencies is in the well-tried intelligence and virtue of my fellow-citizen s, and in the counsels of those representing them in the other departmen ts associated in the care of the national interests. In these my confiden ce will under every difficulty be best placed, next to that which we ha ve all been encouraged to feel in the guardianship and guidance of that Al mighty Being whose power regulates the destiny of nations, whose blessin gs have been so conspicuously dispensed to this rising Republic, and to wh om we are bound to address our devout gratitude for the past, as well as o ur fervent supplications and best hopes for the future.