GORM THE OLD OF JUTLAND, King of Denmark. He died in 936 but acceded the t hrone of Denmark in 899. Gorm married THYRI KLACKSDOTTIR (or Thyra of Jutland) who was born about 8 80 and died about 935. She was the daughter of Klack-Harald of Jutland, Ki ng of Jutland. Klack-Harald also had another daughter named Thorny. Gorm lived at Jelling, about 940, with his queen, Thyri of Jutland, who se runic memorial stone honors her as Danmarkar bot (Denmark's restore r) - a distinction which tradition attributes to Thyri's improvement of t he great rampart, the Danevirke, along the southern frontier. The inscript ion reads: "King Gorm made this memorial to his wife Thyri, Denmark's rest orer." Gorm was a traditional Viking had a wooden burial chamber bui lt in a huge mound at Jelling. It was a double grave, doubtless for him a nd his wife. Connected with this mound, which still exists (as of 1965), t he Danish archaeologist Dyggve has traced a large triangular plot of grou nd framed by upright stones marking a consecrated place. It can be assum ed that Gorm died sometime in the 940's; we know no more of him. One descr iption of a marriage celebration, "thereupon he ordered the tables to be s et out, and sent people all round in the neighborhood to invite plen ty of guests; and the same day there was a good feast which was also Halfd an's marriage-feast with Ragnhild, who became a great queen. Ragnild's mot her was Thorney, a daughter of Klakharald king in Jutland, and a sist er of Thrye Dannebod who was married to the Danish king, Gorm the old, w ho the ruled over the Danish dominions."
Cautionary Note: May be same person as Charles Colbert, having taken the s urname Juzan after his fathers death.
Mother was full blood choctaw,while her father was 1/2 choctaw, making h er 3/4 Choctaw. Mother is the Daughter of Chief Oklahoma, nephew of Chi ef Pushmataha. Phoebe was cousins with Leflore's thru their mother the Cra vat's who are also nieces of Chief Pushmataha.
The following is an excerpt from the book, The Creek War of 1813 and 18 14 by Halbert and Ball, from Chapter III, Tecumseh amongst the Choctaws a nd the Cherokees. "It so happened that same day that Oklahoma, a noted mingo from Coosh a, a nephew of Pushmataha and brother of Juzan's wife, was in Chunky wi th a number of his warriors. " Additional Information: http://jenniferhsrn2.homestead.com/mississippi.htm l Charles Juzan and Pierre Juzan When reading the notes of H.S.Halbert, and the paper on the Creek War writ ten by H.S. Halbert and Ball in the 1890's, it is curious to note that Pie rre Juzan, named as a leader by the authors is described in a manner th at curiously parallels what is known of the life of Charles Juzan. As a c onsequence, in various records the son of Charles Juzan, also named Pier re Juzan is sometimes annotated as the son of Pierre Juzan. In fac t, it is more than likely, for some unknown reason Charles Juzan and Pier re Juzan as referenced are the same person. Juzan was a trader who lived a mong the Choctaw, son of Pierre Francois Juzan, known as "Don Pedro", t he only child of Pierre Gabrielle Juzan who was killed by the Chickasa ws in 1735-1736, and Margaret Trudeau, who died within days after the birt h.. The mother of Charles Juzan is not known. It is commonly accepted th at he is the son of Don Pedro Juzan and an unknown Choctaw woman, some s ay sister to a chief, others say perhaps a Miss Rochon. Other family file s, at both the LDS and Oklahoma Historical Society list the name as Shank e, but descendants of Eliza Ann Flack, daughter of Charles Juzan stat es it was her mother that was the daughter of Shanke, further complicati ng the issue. Some researchers, because he had a known relationship with the legitima te family of Don Pedro believe he may have been the son of Don Pedro and h is wife Catherine Parant. It is felt, Don Pedro had a son, named Pierr e, of which little is known, some also think based more than likely on acc ounts of the Creek war, that this son was a full brother to Charles. It ca nnot be clear at this point to verify the issue, however, the facts of t he residences of Pierre Juzan, time of his death, and the migration of h is children as given by H. S. Halbert exactly mirror what is known of Char les Juzan, and would suggest that the man he speaks of is in fact Charle s. The question to be asked may be, not that two men existed, but did Char les Juzan in fact go by the name of Charles, while his actual name was Pie rre. The name of John Charles Juzan has also been seen used by current res earchers, yet, all records that have been found refer to him only as Charl es. As to the issue of his being part Choctaw, it is known that he married a s ister and daughter of Oklahoma (see under the section on his wives and chi ldren), was an accomplished trader, spoke English, French, Spanish and Cho ctaw, had several residences, among them the ones in Coosha and Chunky tow ns, and that he attended treaty negotiations and signed at least one treat y, more than likely three. He did benefit from the land "gifts" under t he supplement of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, choosing his reservat ion in what is now Washington County, Alabama. While some of the white m en who married into the nation signed the treaties as interpreters, Juz an was never acknowledged in this role, and most of the men, if not al l, to the knowledge of the author, were at least part Choctaw, it is mo re than likely the belief that he was part Choctaw is correct. To further complicate the issue of Juzan and his family, his relationshi ps to his children, and his wives is frought with rumor and seemingly cont radictory evidence. Phoebe Juzan, seen as Phebe in court documents claim ed dower rights for the estate of Charles Juzan after his death in 1838. T he settling of his estate took about 2 years, and from the notes of Loret ta Coppick, a Juzan descendant, only three of his eleven children seem ed to benefit the most, and several were not named at all. Some of those n amed gave their interest to Eliza Ann Juzan Flack, and others to Phoebe. A lso, in 1840, Oklahoma gave to Phebe, and then upon her death the childr en of Charles Juzan land in Lauderdale County, MS under the trusteesh ip of Hugh McDonald. In the document, three children are not named, but n ot the same three that benefited from Charles estate. Untangling the infor mation, and coming to an appropriate conclusion has been difficult. Addi ng to this difficulty, is the family information handed down by Eliza A nn Flack who stated she was the youngest of eight children, and that her m other was Peggy Trahern. Some of the information in this oral tradition se ems to be untrue, as will be discussed below, but the issue of her stateme nt about her mother must be assumed to be correct. To discuss the entire issue the best place to start would be to first li st the children of Charles Juzan. They are 1) Pierre Juzan, most sources say born in 1793, he died as Choctaw Chi ef succeeding Nitakechi in Indian territory in 1841. However, I doubt he w as almost 40 while at the Choctaw Academy as Johnson calls him a "boy" mo st likely he is 25 or less, which makes him born between 1805-1810. 2) Delilah Juzan, born ca 1798, died in Atoka County, IT in 1859. 3) Mary Juzan born 1799, died in Ofahoma, MS in 1868. 4) Rebecca Juzan born 1804, died in Atoka County, IT in 1854. 5) William Juzan, born ca 1805, died unknown, presumably in IT. 6) Jackson Juzan born ca 1808, died 1841 in IT. 7) Lucy Juzan, born ca 1809, died after 1855 in Atoka Co. IT (Boggy Depot) 8) Ramona Juzan, born ca 1811, died between 1840-1855 in IT. 9) Narcissa Juzan, born ca 1814, apparently remained in MS, death date unk nown. 10) Eliza Ann Juzan, born 1819, died 1890, Atoka Co, IT. 11) Sybbell Juzan, born ca 1821, died unknown, believed to be in IT. H.S. Halbert, states that Jack Amos stated Oklahoma was the brother of Juz an's wife. According to a testimony he gave in 1844, Oklahoma stated his a ge was approximately 60. Even with the estimation, he was more than like ly born 1780-1784. The mother of the older children, would have been presu mably at least 14, which would give an estimation for her birthdate of 178 0, easily corresponding with the birthdate of Oklahoma. Phoebe Juzan wa s, as is believed by most, and according to the same oral tradition by Eli za Ann Flack, the daughter of Oklahoma. This I have considered and at fir st accepted, but have now changed my mind, due to the ban on marrying yo ur own Iska. For an explanation of what I mean, visit here. As the exact year of birth is estimated on most of the children, the poss iblity that she is the mother of three of the children, Ramona, Narcissa a nd Sybbell is feasible and plausible. Interestingly enough, the same thr ee benefit the most from the settling of Charles estate.If the statement t hat Eliza Ann Juzan Flack was the youngest of eight children is to be beli eved, then she must be the youngest of the children of her mother, Peggy T rahern. That would leave the next three youngest children having a differe nt mother. That would make Peggy Trahern the mother of Pierre, Delilah, Re becca, Lucy, Mary, Jackson, William, and Eliza Ann. As such, the sist er of Oklahoma who was married to Charles Juzan would have to be Peggy Tra hern. Interestingly enough, Peggy did have two children, James N. Trahe rn born 1816, and Jeremiah Trahern between Lucy and Eliza Ann. During t he time of 1812-1815, Charles Juzan was fighting in the Creek War and th at must be when the indiscretion occurred. Apparently, the relationship d id survive long enough for the birth of Eliza Ann, but by 1825, Peggy Trah ern was living outside the Choctaw Nation. This will be discussed furth er under the discussion of the Trahern's. As traditionally within Choct aw society, the inheritance came from the maternal uncle, but Greenwood Le flore had been discouraging the practise, and the statement of Eliza Ann F lack cannot be disreguarded entirely. As to the confusion on the inheritance, there is perhaps an explanation th at researchers have failed to consider. From the limited amount of court r ecords the author has seen, it is apparent that after his death, the reser vation of Charles Juzan was seized, and Phebe had to go to court to cla im her share rightfully as his widow. Loretta Coppick states in her not es that the following children were not named at all, Rebecca, Lucy, Delil ah, and Pierre. In the deed from Oklahoma, the children of Charles Juzan n amed are Pierre, Delilah, Mary, Lucy, Jackson, Rebecca, Eliza Ann, and Sy bbell. The names of William, Narcissa and Ramona are omited. An explanati on of this can easily be found if one considers that under the Treaty of D ancing Rabbit Creek, the following children had reservations, William a nd Pierre were named in the supplement as persons allotted their own reser vations, Lucy had the reservation given to Wesley Trahern, Rebecca the o ne given to John Bond, Delilah had her reservation through her inclusion u nder Article 14. Since the will and the deed both obviously omit some of t he children, perhaps the settling of the estate, and the granting of the l and was an effort on the parts of all involved to ensure that each h ad an equal amount of land or property, and not a way to shun one child ov er another. As mentioned, the statement from as of yet an unknown source, that has oft en been accredited to the descendants of Eliza Ann Flack, must be addresse d, as while most of it is true, some apparently appears to have errors. Chief Pushmataha was succeeded by his nephew (his wife's side) Oklahoma. P ushmataha had a sister, Natona. Natona had a daughter Shanke. Eliza Ann Fl ack is the great granddaughter of Natona. John Charles Juzan married two n eices of Pushmataha, Peggy Trahern, and Phoebe, daughter of Oklahoma. The statement that Oklahoma was the nephew of Pushmataha contradicts the s tatement of Jack Amos that Nahomtima was the mother of Oklahoma and Juzan 's wife. Secondly, as discussed above, given the time frame, Shanke wou ld have been significantly older than Oklahoma to have been the moth er of Peggy Trahern, additionally, there is a Shanke on the Armstrong Rol ls near Oklahoma, living alone, suggesting that a sister of Peggy named Sh anke could have been alive, as well as the mother of Jack Amos. I have be gun to suspect that whomever made the quote was unknowledgeable about t he traditions of the Choctaw, and was repeating an oral tail. I wond er if in fact Shanke isn't the Indian Name for Peggy as well. To put th is statement in context, Pushmataha is felt to have been born around 176 5, claiming to be in his sixties at the time of his death in 1825. Oklaho ma was born 1784, and Peggy sometime around 1780. For Shanke to be Peggy T rahern's mother, she would have been born around 1760, and would have be en older than Pushmataha, and her mother would have been born around 1740- 1745. While it is possible that this all occurred, it must be noted th at of Eliza Ann's four grandchildren (full sisters) on the Dawes rolls, th ree claimed 1/16, and only one claimed 1/4, which is a closer estimati on of the actual degree of blood. Perhaps in the retelling some facts we re misconstrued. Also, as the daughter of Oklahoma, Phoebe would have be en the grandneice of Pushmataha, and not considered related at all in trad itional Choctaw lineage. As to the rumor that Phoebe and Peggy Trahern were french indian, that app arently is in error. Based on the information at hand, it would appear th at the angelicized names of the women most likely occured after their rela tionship with Charles Juzan occurred, and that both women were full choct aw who Choctaw names have apparently been abandoned in history.
Mary may not have been the mother of Sophia and Sarah.
Questinable as to whether the Shanke he was married to was the same as t he sister of Pushmataha.
He was Exilarch of the Jews in Babylon about 442-455. Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. "Royalty for Commoners" line 329. 2. ..., "Encyclopedia Judiaca", Vol.6, pp.1024-1025. 3. ..., "The Jewish Enclyclopedia" Vol.V, pp.288-290. Carried as a child to Palestine, leaving a cousin to become Exilarch. Beca me head of the Sanhedrin in Tiberias, which is believed to have been a her editary title of the next 11 generations. On the Sabbath when the people c alled on him in homage, he was carried to his house on their shoulders
He was Exilarch of the Jews in Babylon about 484-508. Sources: 1. ..., "Encyclopedia Judiaca", Vol.6, pp.1024-1025. 2. ..., "The Jewish Enclyclopedia" Vol.V, pp.288-290
May have been a Creek (Muscogee) Indian. See E-Mail re: Gabe Carney 2/16/ 04 per DJ Thornton
Born/Died ca. 65BCE-33BCE He was Prince of Kaudjide and was adopted by his father-in-law. Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. "Royalty for Commoners", line 416. 2. Bryan, K. "Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet" Augustan, Vo l. XXV, 16-23.