Notes for Pinero ARCHERD


Source: Joyce Edgar Phipps
He was living with his son, Max, in the 1920 census.
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Notes for John ARENDALL


Source: David S. Payne, E-mail 9/13/03 otime1@@yahoo.com
website: http://worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=oti me
:

Franklin County, Georgia Letters of Administration
p. 139, 140: JOHN ARNOLD, dec'd. Sarah Arnold apptd. Admr. Date 3 Feb. 186 2.
p. 259: "Henry T. Arnold, Mary J. Arnold, Julius H. Arnold, John D. Arnol d,
Orphans of JOHN ARNOLD, dec'd." Sarah A. Arnold app't Guardian. Sign ed 6 Mar.
1865.

1850 Franklin County, Georgia Census
Dwelling 844 - JOHN ARENDALL 56 Ga.; Sarah 52 Ga.; Catherine 25 Ga.; Eliza
beth 22 Ga.; Pleasant M. (m) 20 Ga.; Susan F. 18 Ga.; Jesse H. 13 Ga.; Ma ry
J.W. 8 Ga.

Date: Mon, 11 Aug 2003 18:09:59 -0500
Subject: Re: nathan arendall
From: "laurie jane varner" 
To: "David S. Payne" 
Here's my line: Nathan, John, Catherine m. James O. Varner, Tom Varne r, Ed
Varner, Aubrey Varner, me!

From: 
I am Clarence Jay Arendall M.D. and have 5 brothers
2. Clyde Jerry Arendall is in a nursing home in Abilene TX He was an on ly
son.
3. Grandpa Clarence James Arendall is buried in Abilene and had 9 siblin gs
including brothers Welby and Lee
4. Jesse James Arendall lived to age 93 and is buried in Abilene TX and of ten
told me the story of moving to TX from Flowery Branch GA in 1897 wh en he was
7. He had many siblings including oldest brother Nathan.
5. John William Arendall (JW) is buried in old Cedar Hill cemetary in Abil ene
and was born in GA.
6. Pleasant M. Arendall fought for Joe's defenders, caught dysente ry in a pow
camp in the Union army. JW carried Grandpa Pless's library tab le to Tx and
gave it to my Great grandmother, Ida Rose Arendall (Jesse's w ife) I have it
today.
Grandpa Pless was apparently named after an uncle, Pleasant Holbrooke.
7. John Arendall m. Sarah Holbrooke was a tavern owner in Franklin C o. GA He
grew up on the family farm which was a bounty grant of land his f ather
received from the government for Rev. war service. A very interesti ng letter
exists where he and his siblings and mother, Susannah, applied f or a orphan's
pension after nathan's death.
8. Nathan Arrundell (etc.) my 5th GGF apparently was a teenager when the R ev
war broke out. Was in NC. M. Susannah Fannin, d. of Capt. Laughlin Fann in.
Was wounded in the Rev. War and walked on two crutches the remaind er of his
life. Built a two story log house on the 400 acre bounty gra nt of land he
rec. in the early 1800's. This house was dismantled abo ut 20 years ago and
moved to a small town near where it was built. Farm w as mostly managed by
Susannah who was described as a strong woman. They h ad at least 3 dau and 3
sons. There may be more than you have in your lis t, David. Nathan's grave is
marked by a DAR monument.
The only link I have found in twenty years of searching is that there w as a
William who was enlisted in the same military unit in NC. I have oft en
wondered if his father was killed in some battle?
This link from Mr. Monroe about the same time (1769) may also be fruitful.
Please feel free to correspond. Jay
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Notes for Mary Catherine "Kate" ARGO


Died due to complications of childbirth of Catherine. Kate had red hair.

Additional Information Source: Elaine Gibson, , Ruth Ela
ine Matheny database, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=
GET&db=:2100462&id=I12 1577852
Kate's mother was widowed in 1860. Martha Henry Argo took daughters ba ck to
her home in Campbell Co. Georgia. She married Thomas Shannon, had o ne more
daughter, then was widowed again during Civil War. Later left Geor gia with
daughter Carrie's husband Newton Young and moved her family to Wi se Co.
Texas. Arthur Rice Garrett married Kate in Wise Co. but both famili es were
originally from Campbell Co. Georgia. Kate died following the bir th of a
child. Kate and baby are buried in City Cemetery, Mangum, Oklahoma .
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Notes for Aedh Find "the white" of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
742, Regained the crown when the Lorne king was drowned by the invading Pi
cts; he reigned for 30 years; Remembered among the Gaels as a lawgiver.
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Notes for Aiden macGabhrân of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
AKA: King Aedan the Fair-haired of Dalriada; Bef. 574, Sub-king of Man au in
Gododin; Famed warlord whose battles are recorded in the Welsh ep ic
'Gododdin'; Bef. 574, Fought with distinction at the Battle of Arddery d; 574,
Crowned by St. Columba after his cousin Conal mac Comgall was kill ed in
battle; 575, At the Great Convention of Drum Ceatt at Mullagh Hill n ear
Limvady, east of Derry in Ireland,, St. Columba's influence secured fr om the
Picts, Aedan's rights to Dalriada; 580, Led a seaborne expedition a gainst
Orkney pirates who were raiding the Hebrides; 582, Drove his overlo rd Baetan
and his Ulidian Irish out of the Isle of Man; 583, The Angles ma de an attempt
on Gododin and were defeated at Manaan in Stirlingshire; 58 4, His sons Arthur
and Eochaid were killed in a battle against the Maet ea Picts near Catterick
which was won by Aedan; 603, His son Domangart w as killed in a battle against
the Angles at Degsastan (Dawstane in Liddesd ale)
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Notes for Domnaill Brecc "the Speckeld" of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
Killed in abattle with the Britons of Strathclyde; 621, Succeded his fath er
as king; 634, Warred against the Picts; 637, Invaded Ulster, Irela nd in
support of exiled kinsman Congal Claen against Domnal the High Ki ng of Erin;
was beaten at Mag Rath (Moyra); three of his brothers were kil led and he was
held prisoner for a year; 638, Warred against the Picts a nd was defeated at
Glendmairison, Scotland
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Notes for Eochaid the Venomous of ARGYLL


It's unclear what he did to merit his title of Eochaid the Venomous, but his
marriage to a Pictish princess produced Alpin, possibly the most significant
event since 500 CE
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Notes for Eochaidh macDomangart "Crook Nose" of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
Killed in battle against the Clan Lorne; 672, Succeeded his father as kin g;
677, Ferchar the Tall of Lorne seized the throne of Dalriada and then h is son
Selbach murdered his brother Ainfellach a rival for the crown; Selb ach was
king until 723 when Eochaidh the son of Eochaidh Crook Nose regain ed the
throne
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Notes for Eochaidh MacEochaidh of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
723, Regained the throne his father had lost to Ferchar the Tall of Lor ne and
then Selbach his son had taken; 733, His son Aed Find succeeded h im as king
but was too young to rule; Clan Lorne took the crown which w as lost to them
when the Picts invaded and drowned the Lorne king ca.741
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Notes for Gabhrân macDomingart of ARGYLL


Sources: Descendants of Tuathal and his descendant, Donald Gorm mac Rana ld
progenitor of Clan Mac Dhomhuill / Clan MacDonald website; Patricia Lel ievre
- patlelievre@@yahoo.ca
Left Ireland with his father and grandfather to regain their inheritan ce in
Alba (Scotland); ca. 511, Became King after the death of his fathe r; The
crown passed between Clan Ghabran and Clan Comgall until the 7th ce ntury when
it appears that Clan Comgall died out; at this time it was Cl an Lorne who
challenged Clan Gabhran for the Kingship; 574, His eldest s on Eoghan did not
inherit his father's crown instead it passed to his old er brother Comgall,
his son Conall and then to Gabhran's son Aedan bypassi ng Gabhran's son
Eoghan; this was at the instigation of St. Columba who na med Aedan as King
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Notes for Joseph of ARIMATHEA


Joseph of Aramathea is listed in a number of books including "Bloodline of the
Holy Grail" as the same person as James the brother of Jesus Christ the
Messiah, the son of Joseph and Mary.  Some sources refer to him as St. James
the Just.
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Notes for Iñigo Iñiguez ARISTA


Leader of the revolt against the Franks, elected KingInigo Arista may be g
randson rather than son of Ximeno of Gascony - cf. Collins, "Royal Ancesto
rs..."

The Kingdom of Navarre, originally called Pamplona, arose circa 824 when I
ñigo Arista led a revolt against the Franks. The last king of Navarre, Hen ry
III (reigned 1572-1610), succeeded to the throne of France as Hen ry IV in
1589. It remained a separate kingdom under the French crown unt il 1791.

Navarre (nvär´) (KEY) , Span. Navarra (nävä´rä)

The population of northern and western Navarre is largely of Basque stoc k,
and the early history of the region is that of the Basques. The pa ss of
Roncesvalles, which leads from France to Navarre, made the region st
rategically important early in its history. The Basques defended themselv es
successfully against the Moorish invaders as well as against the Frank s; the
domination of Charlemagne, who conquered Navarre in 778, was short- lived. In
824 the Basque chieftain Iñigo Aritza was chosen king of Pamplon a, which was
expanded under his successors and became known as the kingd om of Navarre. It
reached its zenith under Sancho III (reigned 1000–1035 ), who married the
heiress of Castile and ruled over nearly all of Christi an Spain.

On Sancho’s death the Spanish kingdoms were again divided (into Navarre, A
ragón, and Castile). The kingdom of Navarre then comprised the present pro
vince of Navarre, the Basque Provinces (which were later lost to Castile ),
and, north of the Pyrenees, the district called Lower Navarre, now a pa rt of
France. In 1305, Navarre passed to King Philip IV of France. Navar re stayed
with the French crown until the death (1328) of Charles IV, wh en it passed to
Charles’s niece, whose son, Charles II (Charles the Bad ), played an important
part in the Hundred Years War and in the French civ il unrest of the time. In
1479, Navarre passed, through marriage, to the c ounts of Foix and then to the
house of Albret. Ferdinand V (Ferdinand t he Catholic), after defeating Jean
d’Albret, annexed most of Navarre in 15 15. The area north of the Pyrenees
(Lower Navarre) remained an independe nt kingdom until it was incorporated
(1589) into the French crown when Hen ry III of Navarre became King Henry IV
of France. It was united with Béa rn into a French province.

Until the French Revolution the kings of France carried the additional tit le
king of Navarre. Since the rest of Navarre was in Spanish hands, the ki ngs of
Spain also carried (until 1833) the title king of Navarre. During t hat period
Navarre enjoyed a special status within the Spanish monarch y; it had its own
cortes, taxation system, and separate customs laws. In 1 833, Navarre became
the chief stronghold of the Carlists but recognized Is abella II as queen in
1839. As a reward for their loyalty in the Spanish C ivil War, Franco allowed
the Navarrese to maintain their ancient fueros, w hich were charters handed
down by the crown outlining a system of self-gov ernment.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2002 Columbia Univer
sity Press
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Notes for Jimino Iñiguez ARISTA


Diocese of Pamplona
(PAMPILONENSIS)

This Diocese comprises almost all of Navarre and part of Guipuzcoa. This d
iocese is said to date from Apostolic times. It is matter of traditi on in the
churches of Pamplona, Toledo, and Toulouse (France), that St. Sa turninus,
disciple of St. Peter, sent from Toulouse the priest Honest us to preach to
the inhabitants of Navarre, and later came in person. Find ing that Honestus
had already made many converts, Saturninus left him in P amplona. Honestus was
the teacher of St. Firminus (son of the senator Firm us), first Bishop of
Pamplona. Firminus went later into France, where he w as martyred at Amiens.
There is no note of any other Bishop of Pamplona un til 589, when Liliolus
signed as such in the Third Council of Toledo. Duri ng the seventh century
other bishops are known as signatories of various c ouncils of Toledo. It was
not known with certainty whether the Arabs succe eded in establishing
themselves in Pamplona (Ferreras affirms and Moret de nies it); at all events,
there is no record of a Bishop of Pamplona from t he Saracen invasion until
the reign of Opilanus (829). The old cathedral h ad meanwhile fallen into
ruins, and the bishops now took refuge in the mon astery of San Salvador of
Leyre (founded in the eighth century). Inigo Ari sta recovered Pamplona in 848
or 849, and restored the monastery, converti ng it into a stronghold. This was
for a long time the episcopal court a nd see, and hither Arista had
transferred the bodies of the holy virgins N unilona and Alodia, martyred at
Huesca in the time of Abd-er-Rahman II.

It was the wish of Sancho the Elder to introduce into Leyre the Cluniac re
form, but the bishops and abbots (e. g. in the Council of Pamplona of 102 3)
resisted until 1090, during the reign of Sancho Ramirez. In the said co uncil
they resolved to restore the See of Pamplona, and decreed that all t he
bishops of Pamplona should be thereafter of the monastery of Leyre li ke
Sancho I, who then occupied the see. In 1025 the monks of Leyre were af
filiated with the canons of Pamplona, and Juan II took the title of Bish op of
Pamplona and Leyre, and signed in a number of decrees "Joannes, eccl esiæ
Navarrensium rector". Until the reign of Sancho Ramirez (1076-94) Ley re
remained the seat of the bishops of Pamplona. The monastery held und er its
jurisdiction fifty-eight towns and seventy-two religious houses, a nd was
besides the mausoleum of the Kings of Navarre. Theobald I brought C istercian
monks to Leyre, but at the end of the same century the mon ks of Cluny
returned and occupied it for some time. The monastery is n ow in ruins, and
its church serves as that of a rural parish. The see havi ng been
reestablished in Pamplona, King Sancho Ramirez (1076-94) procur ed the
appointment as Bishop of Pedro de Roda, monk of St. Pons de Tomière s, who
built the new cathedral and established a chapter of canons under t he Rule of
St. Augustine. The bishops of Pamplona, as such, presided ov er the
ecclesiastical order and the three estates that made up the Cort es of
Navarre. The cathedral of Santa Maria held the seigniory of the cit y, and its
canons enjoyed the privileges of the royal family. Bishop Sanc ho de Larrosa
consecrated the cathedral, completed in 1124. His predecesso r, Guillermo
Gastón, had accompanied King Alfonso to the conquest of Sarag ossa, and there
founded the Church of "St. Michael of the Navarrese".

In the Cathedral of Pamplona is venerated the ancient statue of "St. Mar y,
the White Virgin (Santa María la Blanca, Santa Maria de la Sede or d el
Sagrario), which was preserved in Leyre from very ancient times until t he
eleventh century. There is also a reliquary containing a thorn from O ur
Saviour's crown, given by St. Louis to Theobald II; likewise the hea ds of the
virgins Nunilona and Alodia, whose bodies were in Leyre. Bish op Pedro de
Artajona — known as Pedro of Paris, because it was there he h ad received his
education — obtained from Celestine III (1191) the confirm ation of all the
privileges of the Church of Pamplona, and procured besid es from the Bishop of
Amiens a few relics of St. Firmin whose feast was fr om this time (1186)
celebrated with the same solemnity as the feasts of t he Apostles. In 1197
Sancho the Strong ceded his palace to Bishop Garci a. The sovereigns, Donna
Juana and Philip of Evreux, recovered it, leavi ng it in turn to Bishop
Arnaldo de Barbazán; their son, Carlos the Bad, re turned it to Bishop Miguel
Sanchez de Asiain, and later to Bishop Bernar do Folcant. Since the union of
Navarre and Castille, it had been occupi ed by the viceroys, and is to-day the
headquarters of the Captaincy-Genera l. The bishops resided later in the "Casa
del Condestable" (House of the C onstable, i. e., of the Duke of Alba) until
Bishop Melchor Angel Gutierr ez Vallejo commenced the new palace, completed by
Francisco III Ignacio Añ oa y Busto. In 1317 Jimeno III, Garcia being bishop,
Pamplona, former ly a suffragan of Tarragona, became a suffragan of Saragossa.
Carlos III t he Noble reconstructed the cathedral, and gave it for twelve
years the for tieth part of the royal revenues from Navarre. Bishop Martin de
Zavala, pa rtisan of the antipope Pedro de Luna, aided in the erection. In
1400 Emper or Manuel Palæologus gave to the Church of Pamplona a particle of
the wo od of the True Cross and another of the reputed blue vestment of Our
Lor d; these relics are preserved in the cathedral. Toward the end of the eigh
teenth century Bishop Sancho de Oteyza completed the façade.

The parish church of St. Saturnioro is a very old structure and has but o ne
nave; not far from this is pointed out the well where the saint baptiz ed his
first converts. The parish church of St. Lorenzo was renovated in t he
eighteenth century, and enlarged by the erection of the Chapel of St. F
irminus on the spot where tradition says he was born. The basilica of S t.
Ignatius of Loyola was erected in the place where that saint was wound ed when
fighting against the French. In 1601 Viceroy Juan de Cardona h ad an arch
erected with an inscription, and later Count de Santisteban urg ed the Jesuits
to raise the basilica, which was opened on 10 October, 169 4. Former Dominican
and Carmelite convents have been converted into barrac ks and hospitals, and
the convent of St. Francis into schools. The sanctua ries of Ignatius Loyola
and Francis Xavier belong to this diocese. Th at of Loyola contains the old
house of St. Ignatius enshrined in a monume nt constructed by Fontana under
the auspices of Queen Mariana of Austri a, mother of Carlos II (1689-1738).
The sanctuary of St. Francis Xavier, h ome of the Apostle of the Indies, has
been restored by the generosity of t he Dukes of Villahermosa (1896-1901). The
collegiate church of our La dy of Roncesvalles was founded at the beginning of
the ninth centu ry as a hospice for travellers on their way to Compostela or
from Spa in to Rome and Jerusalem. There are two seminaries in Pamplona, a
concili ar and an episcopal. There was also a university, first incorporated
wi th that of Saragossa and in 1745 with that of Alcalá. It was founded in 16
08 by resolution of the Cortes of Navarre in the Dominican College of t he
Rosary, approved by Philip III in 1619, and established by Grego ry XV in
1621. Urban VIII in 1623 and Philip IV in 1630 confirmed it. In t his
university the well-known moralist, Francisco Larraga, was a professo r. It
boasts of other famous scholars — jurists like Martin de Azpilcuet a,
historians like the Jesuit Moret, missionaries like Calatayud, and bish ops
like the Benedictine Prudencio de Sandoval, historian of Charles V.

MORET, Anales del Reino de Navarra (Tolosa, 1890); MELIDA, Album de Javi er
(Madrid, 1901); DE LA FUENTE, Historia de las Universidades de Españ a, II
(Madrid, 1885); PEREZ, La santa Casa de Loyola (Bilbao, 1891); DE MA DRAZO,
España, sus monumentos y artes: Navarra y Logrono (Barcelona, 1886) .

RAMÓN RUIZ AMADO.
Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI
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Notes for Aroandes II of ARMENIA


Died after 331 BCE
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Notes for Aroandes III of ARMENIA


Born before 317 BCE, died 260 BCE
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Notes for Aroandes of ARMENIA


Died 334 BCE
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Notes for Artavazanes of ARMENIA


Died 228 BCE
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Notes for Artaxias I of ARMENIA


Died 159 BCE
He was Straegos, then King of Armenia, 190-159 BC.
Sources: Stuart, R.W. "Royalty for Commoners", line 410.
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